Connect with us

Men’s Health

Opinion: Hurting or helping? Why we need gender and food systems research



Shanti Tamang, 19, works outdoors in Besisahar, Nepal. She has a son and lives with her father and mother-in-law while her husband works abroad. Photo by: Mokhamad Edliadi / CIFOR / CC BY-NC-ND

Well-intentioned efforts are being made around the world to reduce gender inequalities in agriculture, including by engaging women farmers in entrepreneurship or in new jobs across the food system. However, we still have to find out whether women benefit or are empowered from these initiatives.

Part of ours The future of food systems series

Find out how we can make food fair and healthy for everyone. Join the conversation using the hashtag #FoodSystems and visit our The Future of Food Systems page for more information.

In some cases, women becoming entrepreneurs or entering the world of work can have negative consequences, such as: B. Setbacks from men leading to tension or even domestic violence. Without further systematic research into such potential tradeoffs, our efforts to achieve better outcomes may perpetuate or exacerbate gender inequalities.

As we gain more insight and understanding of gender in agriculture, we will see the myriad of unknowns related to women’s empowerment, compromising on ongoing efforts, and other emerging issues that still require investment and targeted research.

Advances in innovative approaches to gender equality

A study in fishing camps in Zambia showed how an innovative approach changed the attitudes of women and men about gender and helped empower women.

The project used bespoke drama skits to enable women and men to discuss serious and sensitive issues such as gender roles and power in a fun and humorous way. The researchers found that this approach built a better understanding of gender role issues and was more successful than the usual practical strategies for ensuring women’s participation.

Approaches like this differ from previous common attempts to involve women. Instead, they work to address the root causes of inequality by transforming gender norms and show great potential for reducing inequalities in food systems.

In addition, we have made significant advances in gender-based agricultural innovations that help women and men become equal partners in agriculture.

The new strategy from CGIAR

CGIAR, the world’s largest publicly funded agricultural research partnership, recently launched a new 10-year strategy that identifies gender, youth and social inclusion as one of its key areas of impact.

However, there are still numerous examples of inequality between women and men in food systems, as the gender gaps that disadvantage and marginalize women are endemic in these systems.

While women make up an average of 43% of the agricultural workforce in low- and middle-income countries and make up two-thirds of the world’s 600 million poor livestock farmers, they are still often cut off from wealth, opportunity, knowledge, and decision-making. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change are only making this situation worse.

More knowledge needed about women in food systems

Closing the gender gaps is a prerequisite for the much-needed shift to healthier, more sustainable and fairer food systems called for at this year’s United Nations Food Systems Summit.

Actions and guidelines can only be as good as the knowledge that informs them – and there is still a lot that we don’t know.

“[W]We recognize the multitude of unknowns related to women’s empowerment, tradeoffs in ongoing efforts, and other emerging issues that still require investment and focused research. “

– –

It is important that women in food systems – whether marginalized, at risk or in leadership positions – are a heterogeneous group with very different realities, opportunities and challenges.

The diversity of women provides even more reasons to prioritize research that identifies their specific needs and challenges, providing a sound starting point for eliminating inequalities.

Despite significant advances over the past few decades, we still do not know exactly how to ensure that new solutions not only reach or benefit women, but also empower women.

Gender, youth and social inclusion are at the heart of the new CGIAR strategy.

The CGIAR GENDER platform conducts independent gender research aimed at delivering the best possible evidence, solutions and innovations to inform strategic alliances and global efforts of our partners in research, agricultural expansion, government and business. Through innovative science, expertise and innovation, we are committed to doing our part to close the gender gap and create better food systems for all.

Get the top news headlines in your inbox every day.

Thanks for subscribing!

Questions that arise require new and better answers

Significant progress has been made in ensuring gender equality in food systems. For example, tools like the G + breeding tool help scientists ensure that new plant varieties are developed to meet the needs and preferences of smallholder farmers, women and men.

To date, breakthrough approaches to measuring women’s empowerment have helped development practitioners in at least 56 countries understand, track and improve the progress made in their projects.

Measuring the empowerment of women in agriculture

Understanding and measuring the empowerment of women in agriculture is important to ensure progress towards global goals. The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index enables researchers and development practitioners to track their progress and impact.

But as things progress, new, difficult questions arise on the horizon. We must continue to provide solutions on how to bring about real and lasting change for women – and men – smallholders.

Look at climate change, which we know affects women and men differently. However, we still know very little about the precise effects of climate change on women, including their health, wealth creation and diet.

Climate-intelligent technologies such as drought-tolerant crop varieties can help farmers adapt to the effects of a changing climate. However, it is unclear how or if they help reduce women’s workloads. These new varieties of plants, which are larger and therefore easier to harvest, may place additional demands on women in other ways, for example by requiring longer cooking times.

Investments in independent gender research need to continue

There is no exact tracking of how much money donors spend on gender equality. A 2020 report by the United Nations suggests that 62% of all bilateral aid remains “gender blind”. More is urgent to be done.

Opinion: Not as usual – how to achieve gender equality and nutritional goals

For systemic and sustainable change, organizations need to institutionalize gender and nutrition priorities, according to senior executives at Tanager and the IGNITE project.

Zero hunger, poverty reduction and all other global goals are closely linked to the roles of the sexes. The interplay of these factors is not easy to decipher; It takes rigorous research to arrive at the answers that can keep us on the right path as we move towards better food systems.

Because of this, further investment in research into gender and food systems is needed so that CGIAR can continue to deliver the best possible evidence, opportunities and solutions for real positive change for smallholder farmers by women and men.

This year’s United Nations Food Systems Summit is a unique opportunity to put gender equality at the center of the conversation. Successful implementation of the Summit’s ambitious vision for future food systems depends on understanding and solving the insoluble problems of gender inequality.

It is a valuable opportunity to work with global players to share and discuss the solutions and opportunities that are already in place, and to learn more about the questions that remain to be answered. Together we can move the dial to inequality in food systems.

Visit the Future of food systems Series for more coverage of food and nutrition – and above all, how we can make food fair and healthy for everyone. You can join the conversation using the hashtag #FoodSystems.

Printing items to share with others is against our terms and conditions and copyright guidelines. Please use the sharing options on the left side of the article. Devex Pro subscribers can use the Pro Share Tool () to share up to 10 articles per month.

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Men’s Health

Mike Tindall shares important health message



December 03, 2021 – 15:19 GMT

Bridie Wilkins

Mike Tindall showed his support for an important health movement on Instagram. The king who is married to Zara Tindall, daughter of Princess Anne, campaigned for Red January – a campaign that encourages people to take action every day of January to defeat the “January blues”.

SEE: Mike Tindall shares his wife Zara’s honest thoughts on his mental health issues

Mike’s post featured a collage of people who have already started the challenge. He captioned it: “Let’s get behind the @redjanuaryuk team and get active every day in January #redjanuary.”

Loading player …

WATCH: Mike Tindall Talks Dad’s Battle With Parkinson’s Disease

Red January replied, “Thank you for inspiring more people to exercise for their mental health @ mike_Tindall12,” as well as Sport In Mind – an initiative that works to “improve the lives of people with mental health problems through exercise and Improve movement ”. who wrote: “We are happy to see that! Thanks @ mike_tindall12 !!”

According to Red January website, More than 50 percent of RED participants in January 2020 “experienced less stress and decreased signs of depressive symptoms” while 32 percent of them “switched from inactive to fairly active”.

SEE: Royals talk about private therapy: Prince Harry, Meghan Markle, Prince William, James Middleton, more

SEE: Prince Harry Reveals Row With Meghan Markle That Led him to Seek Therapy

Interested? The website says, “Whether you are walking, swimming, biking, or choosing your favorite fitness activity, set your goal and enjoy the support of the RED community with every step, splash and kick!

“Get off to a positive start into 2022 and take a step forward for people with mental health problems by raising funds for Sport in Mind, our official charity partner.”

Mike is a big mental health advocate, so it’s not surprising that he supports the RED January campaign.

In November, he joined Loose Men along with Vernon Kay, Ore Oduba and Iain Sitrling to celebrate International Men’s Day and spoke about his motivational issues after retiring from rugby.

He said, “There came a point where I said yes to everything, whether I wanted to or not, because I was used to having my days filled up. It was about six months that I really didn’t know what I wanted.” to do – Zara would probably say it was more like a year – I ended up going and doing Bear Grylls so I would be away when the Autumn Internationals were up so I wouldn’t have to watch rugby when they played a break from it do.”

Mike was a world champion at the heart of English rugby and announced his retirement in 2014 at the age of 35.

Do you like this story? Sign up for our newsletter to get other stories like this straight to your inbox.

Continue Reading

Men’s Health

Why The Mind Not Body Is The Key To Being A Baller



There are very few poor athletes in the NBA. Sportiness or skill, often both, are a matter of course at the elite level. But what sets the very best – MJ, LeBron, Steph, and Giannis – apart from the rest isn’t something that can be tracked by measuring a player’s wingspan or vertical jump.

What goes on between the ears, mental properties, sometimes also called immaterial values, determine who is ultimately successful on the biggest stage.

Now these intangibles have some scientific support, with a new study from the University of South Australia found that most coaches’ game intelligence, work ethic, competitiveness and resilience are far more important than physical fitness to success on the pitch.

Study author Michael Rogers interviewed 90 basketball coaches from 23 countries to find out which factors – apart from top fitness – are used to recruit players at the elite level.

“We found 35 performance indicators that coaches considered important, and psychological attributes topped the list,” says Rogers. “Coaches look for players who are competitive, have a strong work ethic, are excellent communicators, are good teammates and can ‘read’ the game. Being super fit goes without saying. It’s the other properties that make the scoreboard. “

While statistics are often used to recruit players, by observing the players on the field and observing their behavior off the field, coaches can identify many non-physical factors that indicate whether a player is likely to make the grade, says Rogers.

Of the 35 performance indicators that basketball coaches use, 14 are psychological and four of them – attitude, coaching skill, competitiveness, and work ethic – are seen as more important than anything else.

Which, as always, brings us to Ben Simmons. The stars of the Philadelphia 76ers notorious outbreak of fire confused many in last year’s Eastern Conference semifinals, but it could be that Simmons, for all his physical gifts – racehorse-level athleticism in a giraffe’s body and skills that have a supernatural view of the course and a grip that is 6 feet 10 Inch large frame refuted – simply missing? the mental strength it takes to be successful in the playoffs when pressure and expectations are at their highest?

Consider these four crucial traits: attitude, coaching ability, competitiveness, and work ethic. Simmons hoists red flags in all fours.

Reticent and complacent, Simmons often seems content to use his physical abilities and maintain his stats rather than critically examining his game and working on ironing out weaknesses, namely that mythical jump shot.

Trainer ability? Despite constant nagging, possibly even requests, neither former coach Brett Brown nor current coach Doc Rivers managed to get Simmons to shoot at middle distance or from the three-point country.

What about the competitiveness? This is a difficult matter. Simmons has grown into an elite defender and seems proud to take down the stars of other teams in one-on-one matches – check out his work on Jason Tatum and Damian Lillard. His intensity on the defensive is admirable. His disappearance in big games, however, goes back to his days at LSU. Perhaps his will to win is slowed down by the fear of failure?

Finally, work ethic. Difficult to assess from the outside, too. Despite having an Instagram account that looks like a teen’s wet dream with a steady stream of luxury cars and cool swag, Simmons’ teammates insist that he do the job behind closed doors. But the results don’t confirm it. His stats have been in decline since his rookie season. If he does the work, it doesn’t show up on the offensive.

All of this points to a player who has to work on the mental side of his game if he is to reach his potential.

“Resilience, motivation and good communication on the pitch are crucial, according to the coaches we interviewed, in order to separate the“ best ”from the rest as soon as the players reach the elite level, says Rogers.

Who might best epitomize the results of this study? That could be the star of the Dallas Mavericks, Luka Doncic. Consistently fat and not blessed with great athleticism, the 21-year-old Slovenian sensation is already regarded by most experts as one of the top five players in the world and as the successor to LeBron as the next star of the era. Nobody but LeBron reads the game better and his competitiveness is already in the Chris Paul class – in just three seasons his record of game-winning clutch shots is remarkable.

The only question mark is his work ethic – he continues to start seasons like he’s spent the summer in a Ljubljana nightclub and he’s not a great defender.

Fix these and basketball will have a new king.

Continue Reading

Men’s Health

Low testosterone | PhillyVoice



Testosterone is getting a lot of attention these days. As the population ages, more and more men suffer from low levels of hormones which, among other things, affect male sexual function. In all this excitement lies another reason for men of all ages to adopt healthy lifestyles.

About 40% of men ages 45 and older don’t make enough testosterone, a condition officially known as male hypogonadism, reports the Cleveland Clinic. Testosterone levels naturally drop by about 1% per year from the age of 30 onwards, although this is not the only reason a man may suffer from what is known as “Low T”.

With the growing number of baby boomers battling the aging process and trying to maintain the most personal dimension of their manhood, you can see why a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that testosterone prescriptions for hormone replacement therapy in men were over 40 tripled between the years 2001 and 2011.

Interestingly, this study also found that prescriptions fell from 2013 to 2016 after two published reports describing testosterone-associated adverse cardiovascular events and the US Food and Drug Administration issued a warning regarding cardiovascular morbidity. Since then, however, US prescription rates seem to have increased with the growth of aggressive direct marketing to consumers.

Beyond sex

Aside from the effects of Low T on a man’s libido, there are other worrying symptoms that can affect the quality of life. Harvard Medical School lists a number of additional symptoms, including reduced body and facial hair, loss of muscle mass, irritability, poor concentration, depression, brittle bones, and an increased risk of fractures.

Motivation for a healthy life

Yes, aging sucks and nothing embodies this more than Low T. However, my look into the subject revealed an interesting fact. Healthy behavior, and exercise in particular, can help alleviate low testosterone levels and actually increase the hormone. Talk about an incentive to live healthy!

According to The Mayo Clinic, leading a healthy lifestyle is a surefire way to increase testosterone levels naturally. Eating a healthy diet and daily physical activity can help men maintain strength, energy, and lean muscle mass, as well as promote better moods and better sleep.

Dr. Richard Jadick, a urologist with Piedmont Healthcare, says, “Exercise will increase testosterone levels, although certain types of exercise increase testosterone levels more than others.” He points to weight lifting and high-intensity interval training as exercises that stimulate the body to make more testosterone. He recommends lifting weights for 30-45 minutes two to three times a week and doing cardiovascular or high-intensity interval training on days off.

A study published in the World Journal of Men’s Health showed that testosterone levels in patients with erectile dysfunction can be increased by reducing the percentage of fat and improving cardiorespiratory fitness through aerobic exercise.

And at the University of Western Australia, a study of men with mild testosterone deficiency found that exercise was more effective than testosterone treatment for improving men’s fitness, strength, and body composition.

Diagnosis and treatment

According to the American Urological Association, doctors use a combination of blood test results and symptom testing to diagnose a low T. Blood tests will likely include total testosterone levels. Symptoms are assessed by taking a medical history with targeted questions and a physical examination.

If testosterone therapy is prescribed, the AUA offers five options depending on the individual situation and insurance coverage: topical application, injections, oral / buccal dosing, intranasal and pellets. The association notes that the therapy is not without side effects that range from mild to severe.

Over-the-counter dietary supplements

In a market full of over-the-counter nutritional supplements, many men tend to grab something off the shelf or order the latest testosterone booster online. Anyone who has seen the ads knows that the promises of a rejuvenated sex life are everywhere.

But buyers should be careful, says urologist Daniel Stokes of the Cleveland Clinic. There are no natural boosters when it comes to testosterone, he says. Only urologists or endocrinologists should give any type of testosterone replacement.

Over-the-counter nutritional supplements are not regulated by the FDA and may not be safe, says Stokes. Men cannot be guaranteed what they say they will contain.

Declines in younger men

Although my focus is on men over 50, reports of declining testosterone levels in adolescent and young men are, in the words of one researcher, “very scary”. At the American Urological Association’s 2020 Virtual Experience, experts reported that the declines were due to a number of reasons, including obesity, diet, reduced exercise and physical activity, and marijuana use and environmental toxins.

As with older men, such a decrease in testosterone can lead to lower libido and an increased risk of erectile dysfunction. This is another reason for men over and under 50 to adopt healthy behavior, especially when men are supposed to change the course of history regarding their overall health.

As personal as it gets

Weighing the benefits and risks of testosterone therapy is a conversation men must have with a qualified health care provider. Experts do not recommend treating normal aging with testosterone therapy. The material benefits of a healthy diet and regular exercise on testosterone levels are undisputed.

Yes, as the data on younger men shows, there are a number of factors outside of the aging process that can affect T levels. For all the other benefits of healthy behavior, knowing that a man’s lifestyle can help maintain his manhood – and so much more – makes healthy behavior an easy choice.

I have often said that adjusting a healthy lifestyle is one of the most personal decisions a man makes. Now you know how personal it gets.

Louis Bezich, Senior Vice President and Chief Administrative Officer at Cooper University Health Care, is the author of Crack The Code: 10 Proven Secrets that Motivate Healthy Behavior and Inspire Fulfillment in Men Over 50. Read more from Louis on his website.

Continue Reading