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Tree cutting is injurious to health | Nagpur News

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In school we were taught the vital importance of trees for the physical and mental health of every individual. Climate scientists have taught us that trees should not be destroyed for development because they can solve some of the world’s thorniest problems. Why do our policymakers constantly underestimate the power of trees and treat them as a throwaway product? Trees that are transplanted as part of “modernization” do not grow faster, but definitely die younger. On World Environment Day, the city’s top doctors are reminding “those in power to save lives” how killing thousands of ancient trees in Ajni will eventually lead to serious respiratory illnesses, mental disorders and various other health problems. Ironically, the policymakers who manufacture and buy artificial oxygen in this pandemic are killing natural oxygen generators en masse with scorn

Nagpur: As the government plans to continue its ambitious project to build an intermodal station (IMS) in Ajni, top doctors in the city have come forward to warn that such widespread destruction of the green cover will be a death knell for the public Health.
As TOI reports, thousands of ancient trees planted during the British era stand in front of an ax for the IMS project. Over 5,000 trees will be felled for phase 1. The lush green space, one of the few remaining green spaces in the city, is a thriving biodiversity habitat.
According to medical experts, such deforestation leads to health-threatening pollution of the city. Interventional pulmonologist Dr. Sameer Arbat says, “Trees have the ability to absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen, in contrast to what the human body does. The presence of trees gives us the advantage of having more oxygen around us. With regard to particulate matter, too, the presence of trees leads to a build-up of dust around them and they act like air filters and thus control air pollution. ”
The recent Covid-19 pandemic has uncovered many rifts in our armor in terms of development and growth, the doctor adds. “India as a country talks about development in terms of road transport, communications, economic growth, etc., but where we failed miserably was healthcare. The fact that the whole country was gasping for oxygen shows our apathy for basic resources. This was a wake up call to the importance of oxygen. Since we are in short supply of artificial oxygen sources, reducing the number of natural sources is just a big joke, ”says Dr. Arbat.
The pulmonologist and director of the Respira Chest and Critical Care Hospital, Dr. Vikrant Deshmukh, warns that felling thousands of trees in Ajni will affect air quality and increase lung problems. “The number of trees that have to be sacrificed is enormous. Instead of unilateral planning, policy makers need to involve citizens and environmental groups, ”he says.
Cutting down an urban forest will lead to an exponential increase in various non-communicable diseases, says Dr. Jerryl Banait. “Illnesses like high blood pressure, diabetes, asthma and other lung diseases have increased dramatically. This is due to lifestyle changes that are directly linked to environmental degradation. Pneumonia is higher in places with less vegetation due to the high level of air pollution, ”explains the young doctor, who is also an environmental activist.
Aside from breathing problems, felling trees in Ajni can lead to other health problems as well. Dr. Banait continues, “It will cause a drop in the water table, which will lead to other diseases like fluorosis. Trees are also biodiversity in themselves, as they are home to not only birds and insects, but also microbes. These microorganisms feed on dead meat. When trees are felled, the microbes stop functioning, which will be a starting point for serious diseases. ”
For Dr. Anup Marar, chairman of the Vidarbha Hospitals Association (VHA), it was disastrous to hear of the upcoming mass removal of “over 30,000 lungs and kidneys from our city”. Dr. Marar calls it pure slaughter: “Trees are recognized as lungs because they exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide with the atmosphere. But trees are also kidneys, as they regulate the flow and use of water by catching rain and slowly releasing it into the soil, which is then taken up by plants for photosynthesis. ”
Dr. Marar adds that it is ironic for policymakers to buy man-made oxygen concentrators and encourage the construction of large-scale oxygen plants, but cheerfully join in the mass killing of the largest natural source of oxygen.
Just like doctors, policymakers should weigh the risks and benefits of a project before making a decision, suggests consultant pulmonologist Dr. Rajesh Swarnakar in front. Recently, Dr. Swarnakar, who runs Get Well Hospital, appeals to all patients recovered from Covid-19 to plant 10 trees to give nature back oxygen. “At least we should now recognize the importance of oxygen. The implementation of this project in Ajni will result in significant air and noise pollution. Does the project meet your needs? It is a major threat to ancient green and the planning authorities need to take this into account, ”added the Indian Chest Society Secretary.
According to Dr. Sushrut Babhulkar, the director of Sushrut Hospital, trees older than 75 years should be declared national heritage and no permission should be given to cut or move them. “Felling these trees will have a negative impact on the elderly, whose lung capacity has naturally decreased with age. Because of the lack of fresh air, there will inevitably be a sharp increase in respiratory diseases, ”he says.
Dr. Emphasizing the public health benefits, Babhulkar says, “About 7-8 trees produce oxygen that is needed for one person. Trees like banyan and neem give off a lot of oxygen because of their huge foliage. Development projects should be planned in such a way that as few trees as possible are felled. ”
Not just breathing problems, air pollution affects the brain as well. “The Global Burden of Disease study, conducted by an international team with data from 188 countries, found that up to 30% of strokes worldwide are due to air pollutants. In addition to stroke, initial results suggest that it may play a role in autism, attention deficit and memory disorders in children, dementia, and the development of Parkinson’s disease in adults, ”says Dr. Chandrashekhar Meshram, President of Tropical Neurology and a member of the Environmental Neurology Group of the World Association for Neurology.

VOICES OF THE DOCTORS

* The widespread destruction of Ajni green spaces poses a major public health threat
* Trees act as air purifiers, chopping them up increases air pollution
* This leads to respiratory diseases, psychological problems
* May also affect the brain, causing strokes, autism, attention deficit disorders, dementia, and memory disorders in children
* Noncommunicable diseases like diabetes, asthma, high blood pressure etc. could also increase
* Learn lessons from the pandemic, appreciate natural oxygen resources

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Mayo unveils mobile health clinic | News, Sports, Jobs

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Photo courtesy Amanda Dyslin (bold above 🙂 Above: Dr. James Hebl (left), regional vice president, and Dr. Gokhan Anil, regional chairman of clinical practice, spoke to community members at the Mayo Clinic Health System in Fairmont Monday morning about the mobile health clinic that will serve communities in southeast and southwest Minnesota, including Sherburn. Photo courtesy Amanda Dyslin Above: Dr. James Hebl (left), regional vice president, and Dr. Gokhan Anil, regional chair of clinical practice, spoke to community members Monday morning at the Mayo Clinic Health System in Fairmont about the mobile health clinic that will serve the communities in southeast and southwest Minnesota, including Sherburn.

FAIRMONT – According to Amanda Dyslin of Mayo Clinic Health System, MCHS is launching a new mobile health clinic that will expand services by increasing reach and providing direct access to health care for patients in rural communities in southern Minnesota.

Dr. James Hebl Regional Vice President and Dr. Gokhan Anil, regional chairman of clinical practice, spoke to community members Monday at MCHS in Fairmont about the mobile health clinic that will serve communities in southeast and southwest Minnesota, including Sherburn. In addition, guided tours through the mobile health station were offered.

“It was great to finally be able to show the device to the public in southwest Minnesota and just get a feel for what it will be like when it’s up and running.” said Dyslin. “The only town identified as a rest stop so far is Sherburn, but that will change in the future.”

The mobile health clinic will be housed in a large utility vehicle and will include two examination rooms, an on-site laboratory and pharmacy services. Patient visits will begin later this summer and specific locations and dates will be shared with patients.

“The mobile health clinic is part of Mayo Clinic’s commitment to innovation and creative solutions that serve local communities.” said Dr. Anil. “The mobile health clinic provides enhanced quality health services to people in communities that do not have inpatient clinic facilities.”

Patients will be able to receive medical checkups and treat chronic diseases.

The mobile health clinic also has the technology and equipment to virtually connect patients through video appointments with experts at the Mayo Clinic.

“The mobile health clinic is an extension of the virtual care options of the Mayo Clinic Health System.” said Dr. Anil. “In addition to the mobile health clinic, patients can access their care team through Patient Online Services, Mayo Clinic Health System’s patient portal. Find real-time primary care services through Express Care Online; and get expert medical advice from nurses by calling the Nurse Care Line. “

The services include:

– Acute illness / infection.

– Vaccinations, including COVID-19 vaccinations.

– Preventive services and medical check-ups.

– Medication refills and controls.

– Chronic disease controls.

– Warfarin management.

– Pacemaker checks (virtual).

– Special consultations and follow-ups (virtual).

– Prenatal visits (virtual).

– Wellness visits.

– pediatrics.

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Individuals with internalizing disorders have increased mortality risk

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Healio Psychiatry was unable to confirm any relevant financial information at the time of publication.

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Individuals with internalizing mental disorders had a significantly higher mortality rate than those without these disorders.

This discovery underscores the utility of using a transdiagnostic internalizing factor in predicting mortality risk, according to Hyunsik Kim, PhD, assistant professor in the Department of Psychology at Sogang University in South Korea and colleagues.

The researchers found that the significantly predicted mortality risk was internalized in participants who reported excellent health themselves, which was inconsistent in those who reported poorer physical health. The data was provided by Kim H, et al. World Psychiatry. 2021; doi: 10.1002 / wps.20859.

“The significant interaction between internalization and physical health suggests that the former dimension has more of an impact on early death in currently physically healthy individuals,” wrote Kim and colleagues.

Researchers examined the usefulness of a transdiagnostic internalizing factor versus disorder-specific variance, the factor’s ability to predict mortality risk, and the impact of self-reported physical health on internalization and early mortality. They analyzed the data from 6,329 participants recruited through the Midlife in the United States study. Participants completed a telephone interview and self-administered questionnaire, and the researchers followed the cohort through October 31, 2015, or until death. They measured symptom scores for major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and panic disorder symptoms and rated neuroticism.

The mean age of the participants was 46.77 years; 88.04% of the participants identified as white and 52.64% were women. During the study period, 1,234 participants died with an average survival time of 11.5 years. However, the mean survival time for the entire study cohort was 19.23 years. Kim and colleagues found that MDD, GAD, and neuroticism have significant predictions of moral risk using hierarchical regression models. Using the Cox regression analysis, the internalizing factor predicted the mortality risk after adjustments to be significant and positive (HR = 1.12, 95% CI: 1.05-1.16, P <0.01). However, when their combined variance in internalization was taken into account, the degree to which MDD, GAD, and neuroticism predicted mortality risk were attenuated by 67.2%, 86.9% and 87.1%, respectively, according to the researchers. The internalization of the significantly predicted mortality risk in participants who reported excellent health was inconsistent among those who reported poor physical health. Analysis at the level of the internalization factor showed an increase in the mortality rate of 12.3% for each unit step size of 1 standard deviation. Disorder-specific variances had no significant influence on the prediction of mortality risk. However, internalization accounted for 34.93% of MDD, 24.21% of GAD, 25.81% of panic disorder, and 23.91% of neuroticism variance.

Kim and colleagues speculated that the higher death rate among those who internalize may be explained by improper coping, physical inactivity, or a greater likelihood of experiencing adverse life outcomes.

“These results underscore the clinical utility of using the transdiagnostic internalizing factor to predict an important future outcome, and support the argument that internalizing psychopathology can be a useful task to incorporate into intervention and prevention research and into public health practice explore, ”she wrote.

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Tiny capsules containing cannabinoids could help treat neurological disorders

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A team of researchers led by Curtin University has discovered a new way to improve the rate of oral absorption of medical cannabis, which could potentially be used in the future to treat neurological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis and traumatic brain injuries.

Photo credit: Curtin University

Published in the journal PLOS ONE and financed by industrial partner Zelira Therapeutics, the researchers were able to produce tiny capsules with cannabinoids that were absorbed faster by the body when taken orally and penetrated the brain more quickly in mouse models with neurological diseases than when it was supplied in liquid form .

Lead researcher, Associate Professor Ryu Takechi of the Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI) and Curtin University’s School of Population Health, said there is growing interest in the use of cannabidiol to treat various neurological disorders, but there are limitations due to it its poor absorption and sensitivity to light and gastric acid when taken orally.

“Cannabidiol occurs in medical cannabis and is a popular natural remedy for people with neurological and metabolic diseases. Due to limitations in absorption, we wanted to develop and test a new method of drug delivery, ”said Professor Takechi.

“Our team was able to significantly improve the absorption and release of cannabidiol in the brain by administering it in a novel microcapsule form in combination with a naturally occurring bile acid.

“With this new capsule shape, we were able to remarkably improve the release of cannabidiol in the brain in animal models by 40 times and we were also able to protect the drug from oxidation and degradation by light, which extends the shelf life of the product.”

Associate Professor Takechi said the results could be helpful to support the clinical use of medicinal cannabis in the treatment of neurological disorders.

“In this study we were able to show for the first time that a bile acid actually increases the absorption and retention of cannabidiol in the brain. This shows that bile acids could be used to improve the intake of cannabidiol when taken orally, particularly in the treatment of neurological disorders, ”said Professor Takechi.

“More research is needed to test whether this type of drug delivery could be successful in human studies, but our results are very promising.”

Dr. Oludare Odumosu, CEO of Zelira, said he was very pleased with the outcome of working with Associate Professor Takechi and his team.

The new encapsulation technology appears to significantly improve the efficiency with which cannabinoid-based drugs can be transported into the brain. This could improve the effectiveness of cannabinoid therapies in treating neurological disorders while reducing costs and increasing safety. “

Dr. Oludare Odumosu, CEO, Zelira

This research was a joint effort by researchers from CHIRI, Curtin Medical School, and the School of Population Health at Curtin University, the University of Newcastle and the University of Otago.

The full paper entitled “Sodium Alginate Microencapsulation Improves Short-Term Oral Bioavailability of Cannabidiol When Administered with Deoxycholic Acid” can be found online here.

Source:

Journal reference:

Majimbi, M., et al. (2021) Sodium alginate microencapsulation improves the short-term oral bioavailability of cannabidiol when administered with deoxycholic acid. PLUS ONE. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0243858.

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