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ED issues show cause notice to WazirX for crypto transactions worth ₹2,790 cr

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The Enforcement Directorate (ED) announced on Friday that it had issued a Show Cause Notice to WazirX Crypto-Currency Exchange for violating FEMA (Foreign Exchange Management Act) 1999 for transactions in cryptocurrencies worth $ 2,790.74 billion.

ED opened a FEMA investigation based on ongoing money laundering investigations into illegal Chinese-owned online betting applications, it said in a statement.

ED has WazirX Crypto-Currency Exchange for violating FEMA, 1999 for transactions in cryptocurrencies valued at Rs. 2,790.74 million euros.

– ED (@dir_ed) June 11, 2021

WazirX, registered under the company Zanmai Labs Pvt Ltd., was founded as a domestic cryptocurrency startup in December 2017 and its directors Nischal Shetty and Hanuman Mhatre were named along with the company in the notice from the Central Investigative Authority after the investigation was completed. The global cryptocurrency exchange Binance acquired India’s WazirX in 2019.

In response to the ED’s announcement, WazirX Founder and CEO Nischal Shetty said: “ As mentioned in today’s media reports, WazirX has not yet received a notice from the Enforcement Directorate. WazirX complies with all applicable laws. ”

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As mentioned in today’s media reports, WazirX has not yet received any notification from the enforcement agency.

WazirX complies with all applicable laws.

– Nischal (WazirX) ⚡️ (@NischalShetty) June 11, 2021

“We go beyond our legal obligations by following the Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti Money Laundering (AML) processes and always providing information to law enforcement agencies when necessary,” said Shetty. Should we receive a formal notice or notification from the emergency room, we will fully cooperate with the investigation, he added.

“During the investigation, it was found that the accused Chinese nationals had laundered proceeds of crime worth” 57 crore roughly by converting the INR deposits into cryptocurrency tether (USDT) and then transferring the same to Binance (exchange registered in the Cayman Islands) wallets based on instructions from abroad, “said ED in the statement.

ED claimed that WazirX allows a wide variety of cryptocurrency (CC) transactions, including exchanging CCs for INR and vice versa; Exchange of CCs; Person-to-person transactions (P2P); and even the transfer / receipt of cryptocurrencies held in their pooled accounts to other exchanges’ wallets that could be held by foreigners in overseas locations.

WazirX, it alleged, did not collect the required documents, clearly violating basic anti-money laundering (AML) and anti-terrorist financing (CFT) regulations, as well as FEMA guidelines.

“During the study period, WazirX users received incoming cryptocurrencies worth from their pool accounts 880 crore from Binance accounts and transferred cryptocurrency value 1,400 crore on Binance accounts. None of these transactions are available on the blockchain for review or investigation, ”she claimed.

It found that WazirX customers can transfer “valuable” cryptocurrencies to anyone regardless of their location or nationality without any proper documentation, making it a safe haven for users looking for money laundering / other illicit activity, added the agency added.

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Chinese Police Arrest 1,100 People for Money Laundering With Cryptocurrencies

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Authorities in China escalated their campaign against cryptocurrencies and arrested more than 1,100 people suspected of using the digital assets to launder illegal funds and order the closure of mines in one of the western provinces.

In a nosedive over 23 provinces, regions and cities, Chinese police arrested more than 170 criminal groups engaged in cryptocurrency trading to launder money received through phone and online fraud, the Ministry of Public Security said in a statement . The suspects had repeatedly converted the assets from one cryptocurrency to another in order to cover their tracks, it said.

The illegal activities “caused severe social damage,” added the ministry.

The arrests came after a powerful Chinese superregulator promised last month that it would “crack down on Bitcoin mining and trading behavior” as part of a broader effort to protect against financial risk and reduce energy consumption in the country. Regulatory crackdown concerns contributed to a sharp sell-off in Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.

Bitcoin is still struggling to recover from its recent trading range. It traded near $ 36,755.77 on Thursday after trading at $ 64,802 apiece in mid-April.

Many proponents of cryptocurrencies had dismissed China’s recent warnings as a repetition of previous bans. However, there are signs that after months of volatile trading and mounting concerns about their carbon footprint, Chinese authorities are now more serious about curbing crypto-related activity.

“China has always had a very strong stance on cryptocurrencies. Now they are stepping up part of their narrative, ”said Naeem Aslam, chief market analyst in London at brokerage AvaTrade.

Several cryptocurrency mining platforms have started blocking internet addresses in mainland China from accessing services in the past few weeks.

On Thursday internet searches were for several major crypto exchanges such as Binance, Huobi and OKEx on Baidu. empty Inc.’s

popular search engine and Weibo, a Twitter-like microblogging service. The exchanges have been a popular choice for people in mainland China to trade virtual currencies in what is known as the over-the-counter market. The accounts of several Weibo users known for posting about cryptocurrencies were also suspended last week.

The huge appetite for cryptocurrency mining, an energy-intensive process where computers compete to solve complex mathematical puzzles to unlock new bitcoins, runs counter to Beijing’s energy goals. President Xi Jinping is determined to make China the climate champion and has set ambitious goals to reduce coal consumption.

Regional governments have recently stepped up their anti-mining campaigns. In late May, authorities in the coal-rich Inner Mongolia region published detailed draft rules against the deal.

The government in western Qinghai Province has also announced a ban on cryptocurrency mining, state news agency Xinhua Finance reported on Thursday. Authorities were said to be investigating mining operations that allegedly operate as big data or supercomputing centers.

While China has tried to contain cryptocurrency miners, others are trying to woo them. El Salvador’s President Nayib Bukele said Wednesday that he had directed the country’s state-run geothermal electricity company to come up with a plan to provide Bitcoin mining facilities using cheap, renewable energy from the country’s volcanoes. The announcement came hours after the small Central American country first introduced Bitcoin as legal tender.

Some of the pressure on Bitcoin from measures taken by China could ease, said Joel Kruger, strategist at LMAX Digital cryptocurrency exchange. The spread of cryptocurrency mining to more countries, leading to a decentralization from its current concentration in China, has fueled optimism, as has the prospect of greener energy sources than coal used by some Chinese miners.

“This is positive in that it forces mining to become more prevalent and forcing the narrative to shift to more environmentally friendly ways of mining,” said Mr Kruger.

Bitcoin, Dogecoin, Ethereum: cryptocurrency markets

Chinese bitcoin miners have long dominated the global computing power that powers the bitcoin network with sophisticated equipment and access to cheap electricity. But now a group of US miners with deep pockets are looking to capture a bigger share of the industry. Photo: Adam Chapman for The Wall Street Journal (video dated 2/17/21)

Write to Elaine Yu at elaine.yu@wsj.com and Caitlin Ostroff at caitlin.ostroff@wsj.com

Copyright © 2020 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All rights reserved. 87990cbe856818d5eddac44c7b1cdeb8

Appeared in the print edition of June 11, 2021 as “China Cracks Down on Crypto Laundering”.

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UAE: Who will own your cryptocurrency after you die? – News

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Experts reveal everything you need to know about digital asset sharing and inheritance.

In the past two years, the global user base of cryptocurrencies as measured by trading volume has grown by almost 190 percent. A survey by Statista of consumers in 55 countries ranks consumers in the United Arab Emirates 19th with the highest probability of owning cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin in 2020.

But unlike “fiat currencies” like the dollar or the dirham, which can easily be passed on, exchanged or used for transactions, we still need to understand what will happen to the digital currency when its owner dies. We know cases where assets were lost forever – in 2019, a crypto exchange lost $ 145 million after its CEO suddenly died and no one had access to the digital wallet’s password.

Keeping passwords secure is important, and it is just as important to let your loved ones know about them. “I’ve been thinking about this question for some time. I have investments worth $ 100,000 in various cryptocurrencies. I bought this through a broker and not directly through the stock exchange, which means that I can name a beneficiary. So I suspect if my wife wants access to it when I’m gone, she should be able to. But I’m not sure how to proceed. I still have to keep my cryptocurrencies in a digital wallet; For now, they’re only in my account, which I know can be vulnerable to cyberattacks. I plan to do more research and make my cryptos more secure and also to inform my better half about it, ”says Bawa K., who has been investing in digital currencies since 2017.

How are cryptos bought?

Cryptocurrencies can be bought “peer to peer” by people, directly from organizations “over the counter” that offer their own tokens for sale, or from public exchanges such as Coinbase, Bittrex, Binance, Bithumb, Huobi etc.

“These are the channels for most people to buy and sell cryptocurrencies. And there are many other ways to get digital assets, such as transferring C2C (customer to customer) that are not normally used much, ”says Ola Lind, Director, SoBitX.

How are they saved?

The cryptocurrencies are based on blockchain technology and are stored in a so-called wallet. Each wallet corresponds to a key pair, a public key and a private key. The public key is used as the address to receive coins and the private key is used to identify the owner.

“Every owner should keep the private key safe. Anyone with this private key can access the assets in this wallet, ”says Lind.

“In terms of storage, cryptocurrencies are stored in digital wallets. A person has a number of options in this regard, including holding their digital assets in wallets for exchange, in software wallets such as Metamask, or in hardware wallets such as Trezor or Ledger. In any case, individuals must make their own judgment about security and accessibility, ”said Blaise Carroz, vice president, global acquisition, Idoneus.

United Arab Emirates Digital Currency and Wills Act

“While legally the answer is yes, like any other type of asset, loved ones can claim digital assets, and if your passwords, passphrases, and key locations die with you, it is unlikely to happen. Without these things, your crypto assets are inaccessible, ”said Carroz when asked whether families could inherit the cryptocurrencies of their loved ones after their death.

Currently, under UAE federal laws, the status of crypto is not clear enough to be sure of adding crypto to your will. “However, a UAE resident can use a DIFC will to cover all of their global assets, including crypto assets. This is possible because DIFC applies the laws of England and Wales that recognize crypto assets as property. DIFC Wills also has a provision for including a “sealed” document so that a private key can potentially be left for the beneficiary and used to retrieve the cryptocurrency, ”advises Carroz.

“As with all things of this nature, because of the complexity involved, it is best to consult a professional law firm for advice on creating wills with cryptocomponents,” adds Carroz.

When including digitally held assets in an estate planning tool, Century Maxim recommends that you outline the following in an estate planning tool:

a. A clear list of the assets held digitally

b. Information from the digital wallet (s)

c. A memorandum to record the passwords and PINs

d. A step-by-step guide that explains how beneficiaries can access these assets when executing the estate planning tool

“Without access to the identifiers to access the exchange or wallet, it would be nearly impossible to access the assets, regardless of whether they are briefly mentioned in an estate planning tool. In such a case, it is likely that the digitally held assets are on a highly secure and encrypted network – a function that investors in currencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum or, more recently, Dogecoin choose because it is so difficult to intercept ”, says Farhat Ali Khan, Managing Partner of Century Maxim International, an Abu Dhabi licensed legal advisory firm.

Suneeti Ahuja Kohli

Suneeti Ahuja-Kohli has been in Dubai long enough to call it her spiritual home. She loves to travel but plans to settle in Koi Samui, Thailand to spend her sunset years by the sea. Right now she writes a lot on personal finance, retirement planning, business news and features, health, and just about anything her editor has assigned. Her stays can be followed on Instagram (suneetiahujakohli), messages and views on Twitter @suneetiahuja, and there is a Facebook account for the rest.

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What Is Chainlink and Why Is It Important in the World of Cryptocurrency?

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gopixa / iStock.com

Blockchain has seen a huge surge in popularity since the introduction of Bitcoin, the first cryptocurrency in 2010. Blockchain has a number of advantages, including decentralization and security. The demand for a decentralized currency has catapulted Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies to worldwide popularity.

Support: It’s not too late to nominate your favorite small business to be featured on GOBankingRates – extended until June 5th

But blockchain has its limits. These systems are inherently isolated from the rest of the world, which is good for security and integrity, but also limits the input data they can accept.

Therefore, there is a need for some kind of bridge that can help these systems to see what is happening in the outside world. However, for the system to work, the input cannot come from a single source. Why? Because it would then have to rely on a centralized data source, which contradicts the nature of the blockchain.

More: What is a Non-Fungible Token and Why Are They Booming?

That is exactly what Chainlink can solve, as we will find out.

What is chain link?

Chainlink is a decentralized oracle network that will play an important role in the real implementation of blockchain technologies. The purpose of this network is to provide input to a variety of external data sources.

While the blockchain is great at what it does – providing a decentralized, secure ledger for digital transactions – it’s not that good at taking input for things that happen outside of the blockchain. There are many “off-chain” forces influencing the markets, including fiat currencies, credit cards, and even weather and sports scores. As a decentralized oracle, Chainlink can provide input for so-called smart contracts.

Find Out: Why Some Money Experts Believe In Bitcoin And Others Don’t

These smart contracts help the system respond to a variety of inputs (if X, do Y). As the first cryptocurrency, Bitcoin and the associated blockchain can only process a small part of this input. But newer blockchains like Ethereum have a wider reach. This includes support for programmable smart contracts.

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With this in mind, Chainlink was launched on the Ethereum blockchain in 2019, but is said to be agnostic. Therefore, it can also work with other blockchains.

Read: Bitcoin Cash (BCH): How Is It Different From Bitcoin And What Is It Worth?

What is LINK and what is it worth?

LINK is Chainlink’s native token. The token is intended to help fund the project’s growth and is similar to Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH). Both cryptocurrencies work on their respective blockchains. Just like BTC and ETH act as incentives for users to mine, LINK does the same thing.

Dogecoin (DOGE): Should You Invest?

The LINK token was launched in 2017 with a price below 20 cents and stayed below USD 1 through 2019. In 2020 the price began to rise steeply. In fact, the price soared from under $ 2 in early 2020 to a high of $ 36 on February 20, 2021.

Despite LINK’s meteoric surge, it has since fallen from its high of $ 36 and has not yet returned to that level. In fact, the price fell nearly $ 10 by March 1, 2021.

Should you invest in LINK?

As you may have seen from the above, LINK’s value has remained volatile despite its huge gains since early 2020. Hence, it may be best to only invest in LINK to support the underlying technology. Otherwise, the high volatility can become too much for most investors.

Read: How Does Cryptocurrency Work – And Is It Safe?

Still, Chainlink appears to be an important technology as cryptocurrencies move forward. Having an oracle like Chainlink will be key to the long-term stability and viability of cryptocurrency in general. Hence, LINK can be a solid investment if you believe Chainlink will become the industry standard as the most widely deployed, decentralized oracle network.

This article is part of GOBankingRates’ ‘Economy Explained’ series to help readers navigate the complexities of our financial system.

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Last updated: April 1, 2021

This article originally appeared on GOBankingRates.com: What is Chainlink and why is it important in the cryptocurrency world?

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