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Which diets influence the risk?

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Share on PinterestNew research examines the links between different diets and the risk of sudden cardiac death. Cathy Scola / Getty Images

  • Sudden cardiac death is responsible for about 1 in 7.5 deaths in the United States.
  • Researchers have shown that diet plays an important role in a person’s cardiovascular health.
  • In the present study, the researchers found that people who followed the Mediterranean diet most closely and who did not have coronary artery disease had a lower risk of sudden cardiac death.
  • People who ate primarily a traditional southern diet that included more fried foods and sugary drinks were at higher risk of sudden cardiac death.

In a new study, researchers found a positive association between the southern diet – which includes more fried foods and sugary drinks – and sudden cardiac death. They also linked the Mediterranean diet with a lower risk of sudden cardiac death.

The study, published in the Journal of the American Heart Association, provides further evidence of the importance of diet to cardiovascular health.

Death certificates show that sudden cardiac death is a factor in 1 in 7.5 deaths in the United States. A major cause is coronary artery disease.

According to the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), a person can improve their heart health by making changes to their diet. The ODPHP suggests that people eat a variety of fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy products, whole grains, a variety of proteins, and unsaturated fats.

Research has shown that the Mediterranean diet, which focuses on legumes, vegetables, fruits, fish, and grains, can protect against cardiovascular disease.

Researchers have also found an inverse link between the Mediterranean diet and sudden cardiac death. However, the study had significant limitations as it included a vastly disproportionate number of white participants and was mostly focused on women.

In the present study, the researchers relied on data from the US cohort Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study. This cohort consists of 30,239 African American and white adults aged 45 years or older, all of whom participated in the study between 2003 and 2007.

Researchers excluded participants who lacked appropriate recorded information or who was not available at follow-up. This left them with a sample size of 21,069 for the current analysis. Of these participants, 33% were black and 56% were women.

A total of 56% of the participants lived in the southeastern United States. This area is known as the Stroke Belt because it has had a higher than average death rate from stroke since the 1940s.

The researchers took background health and demographic information from participants at the start of the study and asked them to complete a food intake frequency questionnaire each year to show how many of 110 different foods they had eaten in the past 12 months.

Using this data, the researchers were able to give each participant a Mediterranean diet score that reflects their adherence to the Mediterranean diet.

The researchers were also able to identify five nutritional patterns:

  1. The convenience pattern: This eating pattern mainly consisted of pasta, pizza, and Mexican and Chinese food.
  2. The vegetable pattern: People who followed this pattern ate lots of vegetables, fruits, grains, legumes, yogurt, chicken, and fish.
  3. The candy pattern: This pattern included large amounts of desserts, candies, chocolate, and sugary cereals.
  4. The southern pattern: The southern diet is rich in fried foods, sweetened beverages, processed meats and offal, and eggs.
  5. The alcohol and salad pattern: People who followed this pattern consumed a lot of leafy vegetables, dressings, tomatoes, and alcoholic beverages.

According to lead author Prof. James M. Shikany, professor of medicine and assistant director of research in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the University of Alabama, Birmingham, “All participants had some level of adherence to each pattern, but usually adhered to.” some patterns more and others less. “

“For example, it would not be uncommon for a person who adheres strongly to the southern pattern to also adhere to the plant-based pattern, but to a much lesser extent.”

Researchers attempted to contact participants roughly every 6 months for a period of 10 years, which allowed them to record all cardiovascular events, including sudden cardiac death. During this period, 401 cases of sudden cardiac death were recorded.

The researchers found that the participants who adhered most closely to the southern diet were 46% more likely to have sudden cardiac death than those who adhered least to it.

Conversely, those who adhered most closely to the Mediterranean diet had a 26% lower risk of sudden cardiac death than those who adhered least.

According to Prof. Shikany, “Although this study was observational, the results suggest that diet may be a modifiable risk factor for sudden cardiac death and therefore diet is a risk factor over which we have some control.”

“Improving nutrition through a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fish – like the Mediterranean diet – and low-fried foods, offal, and processed meats – characteristics of the southern-style diet – can reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death . “

However, Prof. Shikany believes that people who want to switch from a southern diet to a Mediterranean diet should not try to do so all at once.

“I suggest making small, gradual changes in diet – they seem to be more sustainable,” said Prof. Shikany.

“For example: eat meat (especially processed meat) only a few days a week instead of daily and reduce the portion sizes; Add fish 1 or 2 days a week instead of always eating beef or pork; add vegetables as a side dish more often instead of always potatoes or other starchy side dishes; Reduction in sugar-sweetened beverages consumed daily; and reduce but not omit sweets (make them an occasional treat). “

“It really depends on the person’s basic diet, but there is almost always room for small changes, with the aim of incorporating those changes into the normal diet and building up into larger changes over time. Large, large-scale dietary changes made all at once, however, almost never last – gradual seems to be best. “

Prof. Shikany believes that both clinicians and the government have a role to play in improving people’s diet.

“With the medical community in mind, talk to patients about their diet at every opportunity,” said Prof. Shikany. “Although nutritional science has made important advances in what we consider to be a healthy diet for the prevention of chronic diseases, the message does not always get through to patients.”

“Just as patients are (or at least should) asked about smoking and exercise, they should also be asked about their diet and suggestions for improving their diet made at every regular check-up.”

“In terms of government, there are barriers to eating foods that are not considered healthy, like taxes on things like sugar-sweetened beverages, which can help.”

“I think we should also think about how we can create incentives to eat healthier foods, for example by lowering health insurance premiums for healthy eating, similar to what we do for non-smokers. Certainly this would be more difficult to document for the diet, and [it would] Insurance company involvement rather than government involvement, but I think healthy eating incentives are a topic of discussion. “

Looking ahead, Prof. Shikany acknowledged that more research is needed to confirm and expand on the initial results.

“The results of this study need to be confirmed in other populations and cohorts to see if our results hold up in study samples of different ages, in participants of different socio-economic status, and in underserved / underserved populations. In other words, we want to know how generalizable our results are, ”says Prof. Shikany.

“Much more research is also needed into behavior change related to diet – how do we get people to change their diet? We know a lot about how people should eat, but getting them to make changes is really the biggest challenge. “

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Men’s Health

Christmas Gift Guide 2021: The Men’s Health Editors’ Picks

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What we have our eyes on.

Christmas is supposed to be the season of the year dedicated to all that is happy and cheerful. But let’s be honest. Sometimes it can also be one of the most stressful times of the year.

Between shopping for themed parties, cooking for family reunions, and planning all the cocktail parties in between, there’s always so much to do in such a short amount of time – especially when it comes to buying unique and thoughtful gifts.

Of course, it’s not just about giving gifts to say you did it. They want to do their best to find a unique, thoughtful gift that they really love and can use for any passion or interest they have. Before you put massive pressure on yourself, this list is there for you. Below is our list of the things our editors have in mind on December 25th (although they’ll suit any occasion, from birthdays and anniversaries to gifts to give yourself!).

From a smartwatch (given) to some new kicks, this list could be just what you were looking for.

Samsung Galaxy Watch4 Classic

It wouldn’t be the perfect MH list without a smartwatch, and this one takes the cake.

The Samsung Galaxy Watch4 Classic is the perfect companion on your way to a healthier you. Track your fitness progress by measuring body composition and more from the comfort of your wrist.

Samsung Galaxy Watch4 Classic, starting at $ 549. samsung.com/de/.

Smales jewelers

A watch is something that you will cherish for years to come, so it is certainly high on our list. And when it comes to incredible pieces, you can’t get past Smales Jewelers.

As one of the oldest jewelers and watchmakers in Western Australia, Smales’ expertise comes from a long line of historical precision makers. Their commitment to quality is known by high-end brands like Rolex, Montblanc, Grand Seiko and Hearts on Fire Diamonds and celebrates craftsmanship through their watchmaking services and jewelry creations.

smales.com.au.

Coffee before you speak

Take the universal, popular drink coffee, eliminate the coffee crash and fortify it with performance-oriented superfoods, vitamins and minerals. Then have a coffee before you speak.

Not only is this an incredibly useful gift, But Beforeyouspeak Coffee has launched its 2021 seasonal gift range, which includes everything from caffeine-filled Christmas crackers, deluxe coffee mugs, novel mugs, and the Ultimate Healthy Coffee Addict Kit.

The Beforeyouspeak Deluxe Coffee Package, $ 50. voryouSpeakcoffee.com

An absolutely fireproof sneaker that is also comfortable? In our eyes this is a win.

The new Soft X men’s sneaker by ECCO consists of a mixture of full-grain leather with high-quality suede details and padding on the collar for additional cushioning. Not only are they perfect for all occasions, but also super easy to combine with all of your favorite outfits.

These will easily become a staple of your spring and summer shoe rotation.

ECCO ST.1 sneaker, $ 229.95. au.ecco.com.

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Men’s Health

What Happened at the End of ‘True Story’?

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In case you missed it during Thanksgiving week, Kevin Hart’s new thriller True Story has hit Netflix. It’s a serious departure from the actor’s comedic origins and Jumanji’s fame. After jumping into drama for the first time with Netflix’s paternity, Hart is clearly trying to become a serious actor, rather than just a joke guy and looking small next to The Rock. And with True Story, Hart’s foray into more engaging acting roles seems to be working.

Alongside the talented Wesley Snipes, Hart stars in True Story as Kid, a famous comedian who isn’t Kevin Hart but has a brother … just like the really famous comedian Kevin Hart. Kid’s brother Carlton is constantly unlucky and needs his brother to bail him out. That is, until Kid is the one who’s messed up and needs Carlton’s help to dispose of a corpse.

True Story is a limited edition series on whether Kid can successfully get away with murder while maintaining his comedy and acting career and throwing everyone, even the people closest to him, off track. There are twists and turns along the way, including one with Carlton himself.

It might not seem obvious at first, but for most of the short, seven-episode series, something is wrong with Carlton’s money troubles and we never see the body of the woman the Kid allegedly killed. The clues are there, and the final episode will reveal the series’ secrets and reveal the truth. In case you need some clarification on what exactly happened, here is the real story about True Story.

What happened at the end of True Story?

For starters, the woman the Kid thought died in his bed (from an oxycontin overdose), Daphne, isn’t actually dead. Really, her name is Simone, and she’s got on with her boyfriend Carlton (yes , Kid’s Own Brother) teamed up to defraud Kid of millions and billions of dollars.

They’ve teamed up with Ari, the gangster who first helps “dispose of” Simone, and promise him a portion of the $ 6 million they think they can get hold of. Of course, things go wrong when Kid actually kills Ari while trying to blackmail Kid. Carlton helps him get rid of Ari’s body, and the two of them are responsible for the murder of Kid’s number one fan, Gene. Unfortunately for Kid and Carlton, Ari’s brothers realize that Gene is not the killer and seek revenge. Poor gene

The Kid and Carlton think they escaped guilt to celebrate. After Carlton passes out, Kid sees messages between him and Simone on his brother’s cell phone and realizes the truth. He confronts his brother and tells Carlton that he’s officially cut off. And then Ari’s brothers catch up with her.

A fight ensues and the Kid manages to grab a gun and shoot both brothers. Finally, Kid points the gun at his brother and shoots him too. He then blames Carlton for Ari’s death and Ari’s brothers for Carlton’s death. The whole affair, of course, gives his career an even bigger boost.

True Story is now available on Netflix.


Milan Polk is an assistant editor at Men’s Health, specializing in entertainment and lifestyle reporting, and has worked for New York Magazine’s Vulture and Chicago Tribune.

This content is created and maintained by third parties and imported onto this page to assist users in providing their email addresses. You may find more information on this and similar content at piano.io

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Men’s Health

Rock Every Part of Your Core With This Kettlebell Flow

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Yes, you can do situps, leg raises, crunches, and planks to work out your abs. But your core muscles are also designed for far more complex movements than these ideas. And if you’re looking for a way to spice up your abs, you can get the full range of motion your core can handle.

Your core is supposed to twist and twist your torso, and it’s also supposed to provide stability to your spine, both when twisting and balancing large loads or when exploding. You also can’t question these ideas when doing situps. But you can challenge those ideas with the Ultimate Kettlebell Core Flow from Ebenezer Samuel, CSCS, Men’s Health’s fitness director. This multi-step movement fries your abs in a unique way. “It also challenges your entire core as a unit,” says Samuel. “Your abs don’t often work independently. They work with obliques, lower back muscles, and glutes, to name a few groups, to stabilize your spine and hips.”

This stability is put to the test in a number of ways. Your core’s ability to stabilize your spine is tested with a series of half-kneeling snatches, and your abs and obliques are put into full swing during the stand-up and kick-through phases of this movement. And don’t underestimate the moment you switch legs on each rep, as you transition from half-kneeling to kneeling high. “Your glutes and obliques have to be alive here,” says Samuel, “to keep you stable while you fight the kettlebell above you.”

All of this adds up to one fierce core exercise that checks many other boxes as well, increasing your heart rate, and challenging shoulder stability along the way. And all you need is a kettlebell to pull it off.

  • Start in a half-kneeling position with your left knee on the floor, a kettlebell in front of you and your right hand gripping it. Pull the bell back and do a half-kneeling swing to snap it to get it over your head. This is your starting position.
  • Watch the bell as you push your butt back slightly and place your left hand on the floor and rotate your torso.
  • Shift your weight onto your left hand and lift your left leg off the floor. Stop in this position with your left leg floating above the floor.
  • Continue to watch the bell as you move your left foot in front of your torso, tap the floor, and then return to your hovering position.
  • Put your left knee on the floor. Hold the bell overhead. Slide your right leg back so you kneel on both legs, and then slide your left foot forward.
  • Place the kettlebell on the floor and grab it over your head with your left hand. (You can also try the cross-snatch in the video, although this is a more difficult move). Then repeat the entire sequence.
  • Repeat for 40 seconds, then rest for 20 to 40 seconds. Do 3 sets.

    The Ultimate Kettlebell Core Flow can be integrated into your training in a variety of ways. It’s also a great workout in itself that will challenge your legs, make you be explosive (while tearing), and also work your back, shoulders, and core. If you’re doing it in a full body workout or on an upper body day, make this your last exercise of the day with a lighter kettlebell. You can also challenge yourself by doing this as the first exercise in a kettlebell-only workout, getting a little heavier, and doing 2 to 3 reps per set.

    No matter what, there is a place for that movement in your workout. It’s a vicious challenge, but worth tackling.

    For more tips and routines from Samuel, check out our full list of Eb and Swole workouts. If you’re looking to try an even more engaging routine, consider Eb’s All Out Arms program.


    Ebenzer Samuel, CSCS, is the Fitness Director of Men’s Health and a certified trainer with more than 10 years of training experience.

    This content is created and maintained by third parties and imported onto this page to assist users in providing their email addresses. You may find more information on this and similar content at piano.io

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