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The Time of Day You Eat Certain Foods May Affect Your Heart Health

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The central theses

  • Eating starchy snacks after meals was linked to an at least 50% increased risk of early death, according to a new study.
  • Conversely, eating fruits, vegetables, and dairy products at certain times of the day was associated with a reduced risk of early death.
  • Experts say these results further substantiate the idea that eating according to our circadian rhythm provides health benefits.

If you are concerned about your risk for cardiovascular disease, many recommendations usually recommend a heart-healthy diet. However, it turns out that what you eat may not be the only important factor. According to new research, the time of day that you eat certain foods can also affect your heart.

Eating starchy snacks after meals was linked to at least a 50% increased risk of early death and a 45% increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a new study.

Conversely, the results also show that eating fruits, vegetables, legumes, and dairy products at certain times of the day can reduce the risk of early death from certain causes.

“It’s no surprise that consuming more fruits and vegetables is a good idea,” said Lauren Harris-Pincus, MS, RDN, a New Jersey-based registered nutritionist and author of The Protein-Packed Breakfast Club opposite Verywell.

This study primarily examined the association of eating and snacking patterns over a day with cancer, cardiovascular disease and the overall risk of death. These results were published in the Journal of the American Heart Association in June.

What Kind of Meals Have the Most Health Benefits?

The researchers analyzed the results of 21,503 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2003 to 2014.

The types of food participants included in their diet at certain times of the day were categorized according to:

  • Breakfast categories were western breakfast, starchy breakfast and fruit breakfast.
  • Lunch categories were western lunches, vegetable lunches, and fruit lunches.
  • Dinner categories were western dinner, vegetable food and fruit food.
  • Snack categories were cereal snacks, starchy snacks, fruit snacks, and milk snacks.

The participants in the western lunch group consumed most of the servings of refined grains, solid fats, cheese, added sugars, and sausages. Researchers linked this type of lunch to a 44% increased risk of dying from cardiovascular disease.

Eating a fruit-based lunch appeared to be the most protective – which resulted in a 34% reduced risk of CVD death. The participants in this group consumed the most servings of whole grains, fruits, yogurt, and nuts.

In the meantime, the participants in the vegetable dinner group consumed most of the servings of vegetables and legumes. The researchers linked this type of dinner to a 23% reduced risk of cardiovascular death.

Timing can be important

Researchers found that consuming high-starch snacks after each meal was linked to a 50-52% increased risk of death. However, snacking may not be the problem. Because participants who ate a fruit snack after breakfast had a lower risk of death.

Eating a milk-based snack in the evening, but not after lunch, was also linked to a reduced risk of CVD death, possibly due to the positive effects of dairy on sleep quality, the researchers suggest.

Harris-Pincus says these data “appear to confirm that dieting according to our circadian rhythm has health benefits”.

However, the study was retrospective and was based on self-reported data that may be unreliable.

In addition, Harris-Pincus notes that the researchers “used only two nutritional reminders in two weeks to predict long-term survival status in the general population, which may change their eating habits over time. Much more research needs to be done in this area to provide general recommendations for the timing and composition of meals. ”

What that means for you

It’s too early to recommend eating certain foods at different times for health benefits. However, it’s always a good idea to include more fruits and vegetables in your diet while limiting starchy snacks.

How to eat the right foods at the right time

If you want to apply some of these insights to your everyday life, having a fruit snack after breakfast can be the first step. Try packing fresh and washed berries in your bag or grabbing a fresh pear when you run out the door to work.

Frozen and dried fruits can also offer health benefits as long as the ones you choose don’t have added sugar.

At lunchtime, try to limit western-style meals that contain processed meats, refined grains, and added sugars. Instead, focus on fruits, whole grains, nuts, and yogurt.

A parfait made with no added sugar Greek yogurt, a handful of walnuts, and fresh berries is a great option. You can also enjoy some whole grain crackers as a side dish.

“This study highlights that plant-based dinners with colorful products and legumes are linked to better health outcomes,” DJ Blatner, RDN, CSSD, author of The Flexitarian Diet told Verywell. “One of the easiest ways to incorporate more legumes into your dinner is by using tempeh, a versatile soybean superfood. Tempeh can make everyone’s favorite foods like tacos, stir-fries, and plant-based pizzas. ”

When snack time is over, try choosing snacks that are not starchy, such as nuts, seeds, fruits, dairy products, and vegetables.

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Healthy Eating

Heart disease risk: Partnering on lifestyle change can help

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After a heart attack, changing longstanding behaviors that affect heart health can be challenging. Many people have developed habits over the course of 20, 30, or 40 years that are ingrained and which can take considerable effort to change. Does it help to have a partner who is supportive and participative? A recent study has shown that this is possible.

The RESPONSE-2 study is a lifestyle intervention study that enrolled patients with coronary artery disease. More than 800 study participants were randomly assigned to either nurse-coordinated referral of patients and their partners to three popular community-based lifestyle programs or standard care. The community-based intervention programs were aimed at weight loss, increased physical activity, and smoking cessation. Both the intervention and control groups continued to visit their cardiologist, take part in cardiac rehab programs, and take part in general counseling sessions on healthy lifestyles, risk factors, and medication use. Success was defined as improvement in one of the three risk factors without worsening in the other two at 12 months.

The results showed that the proportion of successful patients who improved at least one of the lifestyle risk factors was 37% in the intervention group compared to 26% in the control group. Weight loss was the most successful component, with almost twice as many patients achieving significant weight loss (at least 5% of initial weight) in the intervention group compared to the control group. Patients whose partners participated in the community-based program had the highest percentage of success.

Modifiable Lifestyle Risk Factors for Heart Disease

It is well known that obesity carries the risk of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes – all factors that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. By controlling your weight through physical activity and eating a healthy diet, you can reduce these risk factors, and therefore your risk of heart disease.

How can a partner help?

There are many challenges in improving our diet: what we eat, how much we eat, and where we eat, to name a few.

What we eat: What comes on the table becomes what we eat. A partner can work with you to create a shopping list to determine what is being brought in. You can work together to create a menu that follows healthy eating guidelines. Restricting food that is not heart healthy can play a major role in a person’s success. Once food is readily available, it becomes even more difficult for someone trying to change their food intake. Making sure there are plenty of vegetables, fresh fruits, and lean protein, along with healthy fats, some low-fat dairy, and whole grains can all contribute to your success.

How much do we eat: Some people may eat mostly healthy foods, but they overeat and can therefore struggle with their weight. A partner can help you prepare a reasonable amount of food so that there aren’t a lot of leftovers. When arranging food, you and your partner can use the balanced plate guidelines: 1/2 plate of low-calorie vegetables, 1/4 plate of lean protein, and 1/4 plate of whole grains or a healthy starch.

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Where we eat: Prior to the pandemic, Americans spent a significant portion of their meal dollars on eating out groceries – takeaway, fast food, and restaurants. With the closure of many businesses in 2020 and early 2021, home cooking increased significantly. However, after food reopened, many Americans are resuming their pre-pandemic habits. This can result in some meals being higher in total calories, saturated fat, and sodium than homemade meals. A partner can help decide how often and where to eat out. Additionally, a partner can help select restaurants where healthy options are available.

Tips for healthy eating outdoors

Don’t start hungry. Skipping meals or starving yourself can lead to overeating! It can also be difficult to avoid all of these tempting foods.

Don’t feel like you have to eat everything on your plate. Send back what you don’t want. Better yet, bring it home in a doggy bag and you’ll enjoy the meal twice as much.

Avoid nibbling. Listen to your body when it tells you it is full. Have the waiter or wait staff remove extra food from the table. The longer it stays, the more likely you will be to nibble.

Eating shouldn’t be a race. Eating too quickly can lead to overeating, as it takes your body 20 minutes to know that it is full. So take the time to put your fork down between bites and focus on the social aspect of eating.

Order à la carte. Who said you need to order a starter? Make your own. You can choose any combination of starters, soups, salads and side dishes. This allows for more variety and gives you more control over what and how much you eat.

Longstanding habits are hard to change, but you can make small changes every day. A partner who can and wants to support you in the change process can be a helpful resource for your success.

As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing offers access to our library of archived content. Please note the date of the last review or update for all articles. No content on this website, regardless of the date, should never be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

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Healthy Eating

A Chicken in Every Pot at La Rosa Chicken & Grill, The New Eatery in the Princeton Shopping Center

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CHICKEN DELIGHT: “We cook to order and everything is fresh. Nothing is frozen. Everything is prepared on site every day. ”Benny Umbra (left) and head chef Lazzaro Merone, owner of La Rosa Chicken & Grill in the Princeton Shopping Center, enjoy a taste of the restaurant’s specialties: (top left) crispy chicken sandwich with macaroni and cheese and french fries; Fried Chicken Dish with Garlic Broccoli, Beans and Corn Muffin; Chicken sandwich with creamed spinach and fries; and chicken gorgonzola salad. All are customer favorites.

By Jean Stratton

no doubt! Chicken is an all-time favorite. Chicken sandwiches, chicken salad, chicken tenders, roast chicken, roast chicken – there is something for everyone!

And since some people skip red meat and others don’t like fish, chicken is a popular choice for those looking for a healthy diet.

Step into La Rosa Chicken & Grill, which opened at Princeton Shopping Center just last May.

“Chicken is our specialty,” says Benny Umbra, partner and co-owner of the new restaurant, together with head chef Lazzaro Merone

One of 15 franchises in New Jersey and New York, La Rosa Chicken & Grill has quickly become a favorite in its new location in the mall.

Down to earth

“The response is very encouraging,” reports Umbra. “People came straight away and we already have regular customers. It’s also all ages and lots of families. They come in for lunch, both for take-out and take-out, and then come by for dinner for a meal to take home. “

Founded in 1994 by Vincenzo Pugliese in Marlboro, the company has always attached great importance to a down-to-earth, healthy diet with a focus on high-quality ingredients, freshly prepared, with an appealing presentation and friendly service.

The La Rosa mission statement underscores its core values.

“A modern world restaurant that stays true to the traditions of the old world. We only use natural, antibiotic-free chicken that is flavored in our signature herb marinade, which makes our chicken tender and juicy. Our side dishes are made from scratch with fresh vegetables and local vegetables. La Rosa offers a range of foods cooked in ovens, kettles, open fire grills, and rotisseries, with all fats extracted while keeping everything healthy.

“By only starting with fresh ingredients and a preparation that meets our requirements for exceptional quality, we get a meal that is unsurpassed in its category. At La Rosa Chicken & Grill you can be sure that you are getting a balanced meal for your family. “

Everyone’s taste

Customers will find something for every taste and appetite: sandwiches, platters and bowls, salads and side dishes and a whole chicken for a complete meal.

Sandwiches include mild or flavorful marinated grilled chicken, crispy tenders, and wraps. Caesar, buffalo or burrito wraps as well as three, four or five-part tenders are also offered.

Plates and bowls include mild or flavorful Grilled Chicken Platter, La Rosa Bowl, and Burrito Bowl, all of which offer a variety of chicken dishes and side dishes. Popular salads are Chicken Mediterranean, Chicken Caesar, and Chicken Gorgonzola.

Chicken dishes include a quarter, half or whole chicken, all white or all dark meat. A whole family chicken meal also features four side dishes and three corn muffins.

Side dishes include macaroni and cheese, rice pilaf, garlic broccoli, mashed potatoes, creamed spinach, sweet mashed potatoes, garlic beans and La Rosa’s typical French fries.

Combo meals include french fries, fountain sodas, or bottled water. Top it off with one or more of the restaurant’s popular triple chocolate chip cookies.

Children’s meals

Children’s dishes are also available, including the typical macaroni and cheese with corn muffin and drinks (apple juice, mineral water or fountain drink) or the popular grilled or crispy chicken tenders.

Offering good quality food at reasonable prices is a major priority at La Rosa, emphasizes Umbra. “We offer high quality food at affordable prices. People love our chicken. It’s so popular. Our signature fries are also big favorites, as are macaroni and cheese. And all with friendly and fast service. “

Sandwiches start at $ 5.49, platters at $ 9.99, and sandwiches at $ 9.49. Half a chicken is $ 8 (with side dishes and muffin $ 12.25), and a whole chicken family meal is $ 25.99. Children’s meals start at $ 4.99.

“I’m an accountant by trade,” continues Umbra, “but I’ve always wanted to have a restaurant and be in the food business.” In addition to the Princeton location, he also owns a La Rosa restaurant in Hazlet and another one that is coming soon opens in Randolph.

Providing a warm and welcoming atmosphere is another key to La Rosa’s success, he believes. “We want people to feel relaxed and comfortable here. We warmly welcome you. Also, we always keep the theme of our interior in relation to the environment, with artwork on the wall, and we also include a photo of a vintage lunch sign from a friendly 1930s restaurant. ”

Princeton La Rosa offers an informal setting with tables, booths and banquets. 50 customers can sit inside and 25 outside.

Great welcome

Catering is also an important part of the business, emphasizes Umbra. “We host all types and sizes of events, including corporate dinners. We recently had an event in a residence and provided 500 sandwiches, platters and bowls. “

He is excited about the location in the Princeton Shopping Center. “We really wanted to be in Princeton, and the shopping center is great,” he says. “It’s convenient, parking is easy, and we’re right next to Dunkin ‘Donuts. We have both courtyard and street entrances. We were also given a very warm welcome from the other dealers. “

He looks forward to a long and friendly relationship with customers and the Princeton community.

“I enjoy keeping customers happy and seeing how they like to eat. They love coming here. We’re also a great place for kids’ sports teams to come after their games. We’re really looking forward to being a real part of the community here and building the La Rosa brand. We also look forward to additions to our employees. This is a great place to work. We are definitely here to stay! “

La Rosa Chicken & Grill is open seven days, 11 a.m. to 9 p.m. Delivery service is available through DoorDash and GrubHub, as well as La Rosa’s own app, which customers can download for additional rewards.

For more information, call (609) 718-3111 or visit the website at larosagrill.com.

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Healthy Eating

Air fryers anyone? This cooker’s popularity continues to grow – Orange County Register

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Air fryers are a lie by definition, but it’s one that people are still literally gnawing at 11 years after they first hit the market.

Why are they a lie? Because they are really not deep fryers, but small convection ovens that circulate superheated air so quickly that your food becomes crispy.

I say small because they are not that small after all. They take up expensive space on your kitchen counter, next to your George Foreman Grill, Instant Pot, and toaster.

  • Marla Weisenfeld got this purple hot air fryer a few years ago and is using it in her kitchen to prepare healthy and crispy meals in Long Beach on Thursday, July 29th, 2021. (Photo by Brittany Murray, Press-Telegram / SCNG)

  • Like many of the affordable air fryers on the market, the Gourmia GAF575 air fryer is easy to use, but its size isn’t designed to feed a large crowd. (Photo by Cathy Thomas)

  • Cook the fried chicken strips in a hot air fryer for about 12 minutes. (Photo by Cathy Thomas)

  • Potato wedges had a consistency between roasted and fried after being cooked in a hot air fryer. (Photo by Cathy Thomas)

  • Marla Weisenfeld got this purple hot air fryer a few years ago and is using it in her kitchen to prepare healthy and crispy meals in Long Beach on Thursday, July 29th, 2021. (Photo by Brittany Murray, Press-Telegram / SCNG)

The air fryer was first introduced to the world in all its glory in 2010 when Philips presented it at a major consumer electronics fair in Berlin. But it didn’t break through until celebrities, including Oprah Winfrey, started mentioning it a few years later.

Since then, sales have continued to grow. According to ResearchandMarkets.com, the U.S. sells the largest number of hot air fryers in the world – valued at $ 323 million in 2018 – and the market continues to grow. The company attributed the growth to the health benefits of consuming less fried foods and increasing consumer awareness of the toxic compounds that are created during deep frying. In addition to consumers, they are also buying more commercial users. Prices are generally around $ 100, although sales can drop to $ 50.

They are now extremely popular gifts from real believers in the hot air fryer, even if some of the recipients have never taken them out of the box. And many end up in the garage unused.

True air fryer believers tend to be evangelical – they want to recruit new members. You post on Facebook where different groups have names like Easy Air Fryer Recipes, Air Fryer Tips and Recipes, Air Fryer Daily, Air Fryer Tips and Tricks !, Air Fryer Lovers, Air Fryer Fanatics, Air Fryer For Beginners, and more. There are Indian air fryer recipes, gluten-free air fryer recipes, vegan air fryer recipes, and Weight Watchers air fryer recipes. Not to mention Twitter and Instagram.

And they share their love personally. Go to a wedding party and you will find a hot air fryer on the gift table.

Lucy Dunn of Coto de Caza said she recently received one as a present. She wanted someone to make fries that were healthier. “The box opened,” she said. “All parts looked at and put back in the box. Sigh. Intimidated. ”She wants to“ be brave soon ”.

Then there is Kathy Bussi from Long Beach, who received a hot air fryer from her nephew for Mother’s Day but didn’t even manage to open the box. Yes, she actually wanted a hot air fryer. Nowadays most people who own a kitchen seem to want one.

“It’s in his box on the counter where I want to use it,” said Bussi. “I’ll be using it soon. I just don’t know when. A friend gave me a cookbook for the hot air fryer for my birthday. I’ve leafed through it. “

This is the result of the air fryer mania: the side businesses that it started. Everyone now needs a hot air fryer cookbook, because the appliance cooks very differently than an oven or hob.

After you have your air fryer and cookbook, you can even buy an air fryer t-shirt. Wear it while using your air fryer. Then you might be tempted to add a cake pan, pizza pan, silicone mat, metal toasting rack, skewer rack, and muffin pan. Then, when you are fully privy to the cult, all you need is your parchment paper, an instant thermometer, and an olive oil mister.

Marla Weisenfeld from Long Beach is one of those that her brother and sister gave her two years ago. She had thought about getting one but hadn’t made up her mind.

“I was on cancer treatment at the time and was trying to eat healthily, so my brother and sister gave it to me for my birthday,” said Weisenfeld. “The first thing I made was ore-ida fries from the freezer and they were good.”

And yes, she later got a cookbook even though she hasn’t got a t-shirt yet.

“Everything I did was really good,” said Weisenfeld. “I like to make fried chicken with just a dash of olive oil, maybe every two weeks. It doesn’t heat up my kitchen. I think it’s a healthier way of cooking and less messy. “

What Weisenfeld doesn’t like is that because of the relatively small cooking area, she has to prepare three servings to have enough fried chicken for her family of four, which takes 45 to 60 minutes.

“It’s just another device on the countertop that can be put up and down with my Instant Pot (on your fridge),” she said.

Favorite dishes she has prepared include Brussels sprouts, zucchini and salmon. She said she only does things that seem “safe” so she hasn’t had any failures to date.

Those in the know who have actually mastered the cooking method can sometimes not get enough of the device. Gail Davis of San Bernardino said she and her husband “air fryer,” including steaks and fried vegetables. She described it as “the greatest thing since sliced ​​bread”.

Barbara Kogerman of Laguna Hills said she bought a hot air fryer accessory to use with her Instant Pot that has been there for months, and she just joined a hot air fryer Facebook group to muster the courage to learn how to use it.

In the meantime, gift wrap continues to be placed over these air fryer boxes as more and more people are exposed.

But not Anne Ramirez from Covina. She’s not ready to fry the old fashioned way.

“I think I would really miss those hot splatters of fat on my arms and clothes … right where the apron doesn’t cover,” Ramirez said.

Lola Scott, who lives near Sacramento, said she was now seriously considering using the one she bought.

“It turns out that hot air fryers are like gym memberships – they’re only good when you use them,” said Scott. “Mine is still in the box.”

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