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Women’s Health

Autoimmune Illnesses and the Big Unknown

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In ancient Greece it was thought that the uterus could wander through the body feverishly looking for sperm in order to conceive.

Sometimes the uterus was lost a little.

When this happened it was said to be terrible afflictions for an individual. If the uterus finds its way to the chest, it can cause shortness of breath or chest pain. If it reaches the head, migraines or headaches can occur.

The cure for this all-rounder disease? Pregnancy. If the oh-so-hungry uterus could find sperm and cling to a child, it would no longer have to wander around relieving sufferers of all ailments.

In the following millennia, women were considered particularly prone to “hysteria” (the word derives from the Greek hystera or uterus), what became a collective term for all physical problems faced by women that had no obvious cause, from depression to migraines to “emotional attitude”. Hysteria has been widely viewed as a unique female ailment. From the wandering days to Freud’s ideas that penis cravings were at the root of women’s mental health problems, men were rarely diagnosed with hysteria, although men were diagnosed with that diagnosis in the late 19th century. For the most part, hysteria was treated by methods that had no clinical value and could often be harmful. Charlotte Perkins Gilmans The yellow wallpaper captivated the audience with his fictional (but often viewed as semi-autobiographical) Report of treating a woman for what we now know as postpartum depression but was then diagnosed as “hysteria”. Her treatment included prohibiting work or writing. It was not until 1980 that hysteria was deleted from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).

The diagnosis of hysteria may no longer exist, but the treatment of diseases that predominantly affect women remains somewhat confused. One of the most serious of these problems is the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune diseases.

Autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriasis occur when the body’s immune system attacks itself. More than 24 million people in the United States alone have at least one of the more than 100 identified autoimmune diseases, with many having several different diseases.

Does gender play a role in our understanding of autoimmune diseases?

More than 80% of all autoimmune patients are women and a leading cause of death and disability in women aged 15 to 44 years.

These diseases are disproportionately diagnosed in women: Rheumatoid arthritis affects three times more women than men; affects systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the most common type of lupus seven times more women than men; and Sjörgen syndrome nine times more women than men.

For a long time and to this day, symptoms of autoimmune diseases in women have been overlooked or viewed as an exaggeration – an extension of belief in “women’s hysteria”. In an interview with iNews UK, fatigue specialist Professor Julia Newton said, “I was not taught anything about ME [an autoimmune illness that causes chronic fatigue] when I was in medical school. Even today it is very little understood and very rarely recognized as a true biological condition. Patients are misunderstood and not believed. The belief that ME is more of a mental illness than a physical illness has held the field back for years – and that may be in part because it’s a female dominance. Affected people are seen as ‘hysterical’. “

Despite the severity and frequency of these disorders, we know relatively little about most of them. To date, the exact cause of the autoimmune disease remains unclear; The general scientific consensus is that it is a mix of hormonal, genetic, and environmental factors. For example, tobacco smoking has been linked to the development of systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Smoking further increases the likelihood of a diagnosis in people who already have a genetic predisposition to the disease. Researchers have also postulated that autoimmune diseases can be linked to the X chromosome. Because women usually have two X chromosomes, they are at higher risk of developing autoimmune diseases compared to men.

In a 2020 study, researchers found that a number of autoimmune diseases that disproportionately affect women, such as RA and multiple sclerosis (MS), are underfunded relative to the severity and burden of the disease. This continues a negative cycle regarding the lack of knowledge about autoimmune diseases: With little money, research is like looking for a needle in a haystack when we don’t even know what the needle looks like.

It is difficult to make a diagnosis

Diagnosing and treating autoimmune diseases can be an extremely difficult endeavor. On average, patients visit six doctors within four years before being diagnosed. Because many autoimmune diseases share symptoms, trying to differentiate between different diseases can be difficult and sometimes even impossible. In addition, if symptoms are too “mild”, patients may be dismissed as excessive (again, the old problem of hysteria) and may have to wait years for “more intense” symptoms to develop in order to get a proper diagnosis. Even for some of the most common conditions, such as RA or lupus, there are often no effective treatments for the disease itself. Instead, treatment focuses more on relieving symptoms than on curing a disease.

Many patients are desperate due to the lack of information. This has resulted in a dramatic increase in the use of public forums like Facebook, Reddit, and Quora to find diagnoses and treatments. On sites like Facebook, group members track all of their symptoms over a long period of time and post them in the hopes that someone else can spot what they went through and help them. These groups have significant appeal: over 38,000 people follow Facebook’s lupus support page, and over 10,000 follow the Facebook community in support of Crohn’s disease. These social media sites help people biohack their illness and collect medical data – creating new places to get help and identify new ways to treat their illness, including holistic approaches.

Biohacking and crowdsourcing

One innovation in autoimmune diseases is to take a rather “old” approach to treating the diseases – with arsenic salts. Despite its scary and deadly reputation, arsenic has a long history in pharmacy, and not just to sacrifice a spouse or two in ancient times. Before antibiotics became available, it was a common treatment for syphilis and is still a potent drug for some forms of leukemia. In 2015, Medsenic researchers found that arsenic trioxide was a safe and effective treatment for lupus and suggested that additional studies should be conducted on its use as a possible treatment. The results also spurred further investigation into the effects of arsenic on chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD), an autoimmune disease in which transplanted cells, such as bone marrow cells, attack healthy, non-transplanted cells in a patient. Preliminary results have shown that the treatment has shown significant results so far.

As autoimmune diseases become more common, more and more researchers have started looking for cures. One of the most promising treatments is gene therapy. Gene therapy targets the genes in the body that cause disease. For example, gene therapy for some autoimmune diseases could target cytokines, an immune system protein that promotes inflammation in the body.

But much like our understanding of hysteria, autoimmune diseases, and female health care, our understanding of genetics has evolved a lot over time. It originally arose from discoveries that focused on the inheritance of traits from the Czech mathematician, biologist and brother Gregor Mendel. 1905 biologist William Bateson was the first to use the term “genetics”“To describe the study of heredity. Throughout the early 20th century, the study of genetics embraced the darker notions of the eugenics movement and the concept that undesirable traits could be bred from the human race through selective breeding and sterilization. This misunderstanding of genetics ultimately contributed to the concept of the “ideal” Aryan race under National Socialism, which has fortunately been condemned in the meantime.

Many genomic medical breakthroughs have involved the work of the Human genome projectwho originally worked on mapping the roughly 20,500 unique human genes, and continues today by mapping the complete genome of other organisms. Gene editing breakthroughs like CRISPR promise to be able to selectively edit genes to remove the root causes of some diseases. For example, researchers have used CRISPR techniques to control the protein ILRA (interleukin 2 alpha), which signals T cells whether to increase or decrease an inflammatory response. This could enable doctors in the future to treat autoimmune diseases by turning off the inflammatory response when it gets out of hand.

Scientists and medical service providers are also increasingly recognizing the role of epigenetics – the study of how genetic and environmental factors work together to cause changes that affect genes – to develop more effective treatment protocols and even cures. In immunology at least, the answer to the age-old question of nature vs. upbringing seems likely to be “both”.

For example, for decades it was thought that ulcers were caused by stress, a simple factor that could generally be controlled. In 1985, however, Australian researchers Barry J. Marshall and Robin Warren decided to study the role of bacteria Helicobacter pylori in ulcer development – to the point where Marshall ingests the bacteria. When he developed ulcers, the two of them demonstrated the role of infection in ulcer development, contradicting all previous medical beliefs in the field, and earned them the Nobel Prize.

The challenge is that many autoimmune treatment studies use small samples and produce mixed results, in part because most therapies target symptoms rather than the cause of the disease. This is of course because it is much easier to target a small number of genes rather than trying to correct a large number of unknown environmental factors.

The world of autoimmune diseases may still be grim, but we are learning more every day. Fortunately, gone are the days when your doctor suggested your heart murmur was caused by wandering your uterus to your chest, or using a vibrator to cure your hysteria. But until we take women’s health problems as seriously as men and devote more research money and time to research into autoimmune diseases, we hope that more data sharing and research investment will uncover better treatment options.

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Women’s Health

Abortion fight to hit House floor, again – People’s World

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Illinois Democratic MP Jan Schakowsky is one of a group of key progressive lawmakers who are behind recent efforts to defend abortion law through the abolition of the Hyde Amendment. | Tom Williams / AP

WASHINGTON – The House version of the Department of Labor, Health, Welfare, and Education Department’s bill has large increases in spending on labor enforcement programs for the fiscal year beginning October 1. But while Republicans have made a few screams over DOL spending, it wasn’t the big battle when lawmakers tangled over the move.

The war is over again with abortion. As soon as they get around to it. They didn’t do it for the first full day.

The HHS portion of the move repeals the 45-year-old Hyde Amendment, which bans the use of all Medicaid funds for abortion. It also removes the accompanying Weldon addition which, despite the loss of federal funds, “threatens state and local governments trying to protect or expand abortion care or coverage,” says Planned Parenthood.

This latter change “encourages health care institutions to use personal or religious beliefs to deny access to abortion care,” the organization explains. Needless to say, Planned Parenthood, the Progressives, and Democratic President Joe Biden all want to remove both the Hyde and Weldon amendments. The Republicans in the House of Representatives, who do justice to the right wing and its absolute opposition to all abortion and equal rights and rights for women, do not.

So the progressive Reps pushed. Ayanna Pressley, D-Mass., Barbara Lee, D-Calif., Jan Schakowsky, D-Ill., And Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, DN.Y. on the lifting of Hyde. Pressley flatly calls Hyde a racist measure against black and brown women.

Medicaid now covers 30% of black women and 24% of Latinas, compared to 14% of white women, the four said. “In addition, research has shown that abortion bans such as the Hyde Amendment have devastating economic effects,” they added in a joint statement.

“The Hyde addition is a racist, discriminatory policy that has perpetuated injustice and injustice in our nation for far too long,” Pressley said in the joint statement. “Hyde has punished low-income people and prevented countless people from exercising their constitutional right to comprehensive reproductive health care, including abortion. Abortion care is an important health care item, period. “

“In 2019 the first pro-choice majority was sworn in in the House of Representatives,” added Schakowsky. “We are honoring this story by proposing an amendment to finally end the Hyde addition and reaffirm that comprehensive reproductive health care is a human right.”

“The Hyde Amendment is a cunning attempt to ban abortion that disproportionately denies low-income and black women the right to vote. It is vital that we put an end to this inhumane policy now, ”said Ocasio-Cortez.

The Coalition of Labor Union Women has long been a strong advocate of reproductive rights and pushed through a pro-choice resolution through the 2012 AFL-CIO Convention. This measure has not been overturned, so the Fed supports the election. CLUW too.

“The AFL-CIO believes that all women should have universal access to quality health care at a reasonable cost that is not dictated by political agendas,” the AFL-CIO resolution read. “With women now making up more than half of the American workforce, it is vital that we as the labor movement continue to defend the rights of all women and all workers against efforts to allow employers to dictate the quality of health care for women. ”

But Rep. Tom Cole, R-Okla., The top Republican on the Funds subcommittee that handles funds for the Department of Labor, Education and HHS, predicted that tearing down the abortion ban would derail the entire money bill.

“Without consent to the inclusion of this long-term bipartisan provision” [Hyde], Any serious discussion of the numerous other policy and spending issues with this move is premature, “said Cole.

Cole criticized “the extreme position of requiring all Americans to pay for abortions on demand” – normal and false GOP rhetoric – “and even requiring some people to participate directly in abortions against their own moral beliefs and conscience” .

The Labor HHS Education Bill was part of a large package of expense bills for most agencies for the fiscal year beginning October 1. The house spent all day going through the legislation and at least 200 proposed changes, some of which were malicious. The debate continued on July 28th.

For example, two separate GOP changes prohibit the Department of Labor from changing the Trump-era definition of “common employer”. This definition made workers hop from pillar to pillar as they tried to figure out which of their employers – a corporate headquarters like McDonald’s in Chicago or the local McDonald’s franchise – is responsible for compliance or violation of labor law. Workers want the National Labor Relations Board to answer “both”.

Important provisions for employees include:

  • Large increases in DOL enforcement spending, including for the Occupational Safety and Health Agency (+ $ 100 million to $ 692.8 million), Mine Safety and Health Administration (+ $ 25 million to $ 404.8 million) US dollars) and the Department of Labor’s Payroll and Hourly Department (+ $ 54 million to $ 300 million). This department enforces the laws on minimum wages and overtime pay.

The panel wants OSHA to use the extra money to hire and train more occupational health and safety inspectors to conduct “more complex, labor-intensive inspections.” OSHA only recently returned to on-site inspections. Under the GOP Trump regime, inspections were severely restricted, mostly by phone or email – and complaints from workers were dismissed.

There are now fewer OSHA inspectors than there were in the agency’s first year, both the Appropriations Committee and the AFL-CIO emphasize. Legislators also want OSHA to impose higher fines, possibly using a “penalty multiplier”. OSHA’s current fines “are utterly inadequate in deterring workplace health and safety violations by employers,” the report said.

For example, despite widespread reports that meat packing plants were becoming deadly Covid-19 (coronavirus) hotspots as early as March 2020, OSHA waited six months before issuing two small fines totaling $ 29,000 to a Smithfield and a JBS plant imposed. In 2019, JBS had annual sales of $ 51.7 billion and Smithfield was $ 14 billion. “

“The wages and hours department employs fewer investigators today than it did in 1948, although the workforce has grown significantly during that time,” added the committee. More money is needed “to make up for this lost ground, to bring badly acting employers to account and to defend working people so that they receive their deserved wages and to which they are legally entitled”.

  • The majority of the panel’s Democrats also want OSHA to begin work on a standard to force employers to protect workers from excessive heat – an issue that is skyrocketing on western farm fields and Amazon warehouse floors, among other places is shot.
  • The bill provides $ 316.9 million for the National Labor Relations Board, $ 42.7 million more than this fiscal year. “This increase will counteract the decline in sales force experienced by the board over the past four years,” the report adds laconically.
  • In light of the decline in the number of jobs in coal mines, the measure establishes a new $ 100 million grant program “to support communities suffering from dislocation due to changes in the fossil fuel and other energy industries.” The structure and purpose of the scholarships are left to the DOL.

Lawmakers are following Biden’s lead in moving the US away from carbon fuels – including coal for electric power plants – to renewable fuels like wind and solar. But like Biden, who was born in the anthracite-colored coal town of Scranton, Pennsylvania, they don’t want to leave the displaced miners behind.

  • $ 20 billion for early childhood education programs, 15% more than current spending. This would allow around 200,000 more children to be cared for and “enable more parents from low-income families to remain in employment. Women, especially women of color, are disproportionately affected by the childcare crisis, ”adds the committee.

The teachers (AFT), who have long been committed to year-round Pre-K programs and higher childcare expenses, are particularly pleased about this increase. AFT advocates a “free universal preschool for all 3 and 4 year olds,” it says on its website. Biden too.

After campaigning with lawmakers in early July, Philadelphia teacher and AFT member Cassandra Jordan said she told her representative “about several first graders who couldn’t read their own name tags on their desks.”

“If there were universal Pre-K, many more children in first grade and kindergarten would have a lot more to themselves. It has to happen now, ”added Jordan.

EMPLOYEES

Mark Grünberg

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Women’s Health

Leaders try to move needle on Franklinton’s low life expectancy rate.

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Franklinton residents live an average of 60 years – almost 15 years shorter than the average Ohioan, according to a recent study.

It is a problem that is driven by many complex factors that community health officials say they are having difficulty finding an answer to.

“When we see a gap this big … it tells us that there are underlying factors driving these differences in health outcomes,” said Amy Bush Stevens, vice president of the Health Policy Institute of Ohio, which includes life expectancy statistics in its Health Score Dashboard 2021, released earlier this year. “Things like our level of education, our income, what kind of work we have, what kind of social and family support we have, nutrition … all of these things have a really big impact on our health.”

Lower life expectancy is just one of the many struggles that has challenged the neighborhood west of downtown for decades, Bush Stevens said. Franklinton, for example, has an infant mortality rate of 15.2 deaths per 1,000 births, almost double the Franklin County’s average.

Addiction, violent crime, and dilapidated housing coupled with high poverty rates (52% versus 17% of Franklin County’s total) have also limited residents’ access to quality health care and higher standards of living.

The Dispatch touched on many of these issues in Franklinton and the greater West Side, and what the community is doing to address them in its award-winning series: Suffering on Sullivant.

“Housing is something that we looked at quite a lot because it has a very powerful impact on health,” said Bush Stevens.

Living in shabby, overcrowded homes can be stressful, she said. And “a lack of affordable housing – when you spend more than half your income on housing – means you can spend less money on health care or healthy eating.”

More: Franklinton residents have the lowest life expectancy in Ohio

What is being done to improve the health and lives of Franklinton residents?

Columbus Public Health, the Lower Lights Christian Health Center, Franklinton Farms, and the Mount Carmel Women’s Health Center are among the groups that have pushed for better clinical services to improve the health and wellbeing of the community.

“Life expectancy is largely based on the social determinants of health,” or the conditions in the places where people live, learn, work and play that affect a wide range of health and quality of life outcomes, said Dr. Mysheika Roberts, Columbus Commissioner for Public Health. These factors include lack of access to nutritious food, lack of transport, inadequate education, job insecurity and poor quality of living.

“That’s why Columbus Public Health and the City of Columbus and so many of our partners have worked hard to make this neighborhood better.”

Dr. Roberts cited the Mount Carmel Emergency Room and Lower Lights Christian Health Center, both in the neighborhood, and Columbus Public Health’s plan to bring mobile health units to Franklinton to improve residents’ access to health care as examples for efforts to make a difference.

While Franklinton’s lower life expectancy is only part of deeper, longer-lasting socio-economic challenges facing the community, Tracy Cloud, CEO of Lower Lights, believes it can be addressed over time.

“We’re also helping people really tackle barriers and break down health care barriers,” said Cloud. “These barriers look very different from perhaps people in other communities or in other parts of the state.”

More: Mount Carmel expands the reach of the homeless amid COVID-19

Cloud said the nonprofit, faith-based health center, located in the heart of the center at 1160 W. Broad St., provides mental, physical and spiritual health services while helping patients manage and recover from trauma. An important part of fulfilling this mission requires gaining the trust of people suffering from addiction, sex trafficking, or other issues that are not easily resolved with a simple telemedicine visit, she said.

Another group committed to the health and wellbeing of residents is Franklinton Farms, which provides healthy food options to the community.

“We operate in a USDA-classified food desert; many of our neighbors have been systemically or functionally excluded from access to nutritious, fresh food, ”said Becca Brown, co-executive director of the organization.

More: Developers add low-income projects to mix up Franklinton redevelopment

Experts have long said that access to healthy food, along with good and hygienic housing and prosperity, play a large role in the life expectancy of a community.

“The long-term answer is to really look into how we can improve the social, economic and physical environment in these communities so that everyone has fair access to self-employment, decent wages and education,” said Bush Stevens said. “Focus on education policy, housing policy … childcare allowances that support employment. These are all things that can help.”

In the short term, it is important for the community to provide things like access to COVID-19 vaccinations and combat deaths from overdose, a growing problem across the state, she said.

The Franklinton life expectancy gap highlights just one of the health inequalities facing residents of the state, Bush Stevens said.

“It’s a loophole that I believe suggests that we need to do more to ensure that all Ohioans – regardless of their zip code, census area, race, ethnicity – have access the kind of things that support good health. “

JDandron@dispatch.com

@JosephDandronMI

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Women’s Health

CBD And Women’s Health: Facts & Benefits

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Herbal therapy is one of the most effective ways to get rid of health problems. It helps fight the signs of inflammation and can curb the exaggerated immune response. If you are looking for a herbal supplement that is suitable for women, CBD might be the right choice. It relieves chronic pain, reduces inflammation, and can slow down the signs of PMS. You can also use CBD supplements to improve your lifestyle and achieve healthy wellbeing. Try the versatile delivery options like skin care, pills, and edibles to help you achieve a state of health.

Here are some of the best ways CBD can improve the health of all women out there.

1. Can control inflammation

Are you prone to signs of inflammation such as redness and pain? Inflammatory changes are the first indicator of health problems and can turn into chronic ones. Some chronic inflammatory diseases Arthritis, atherosclerosis, and heart disease are common among the female population. Such health problems can affect your daily life and lead to long-term pain.

You can use CBD supplements to significantly reduce symptoms. Cannabidiol interacts with the cannabinoid receptors and could control the release of inflammatory cytokines. In addition, it prevents the accumulation of free radicals in your vital organs and curbs oxidative damage. You can use vape pod device products to improve your health and get rid of anxiety.

2. Controls premenstrual syndrome

Most women experience the discouraging symptoms of PMS just before the menstrual cycle. In addition, the PMS cycle can last until your period starts and can have a profound effect on your daily life. The syndrome leads to excessive cramping, gas, nausea, and mood swings. Some women can get away with it mental problems like depressed thoughts and restlessness. You can control the signs of PMS with cannabidiol supplements.

CBD interacts with the ECS and can reduce PMS symptoms. At the same time, the phytocannabinoid increases the release of serotonin and changes your mood to a happier one.

CBD and Women's Health: Facts & Benefits &

3. Can relieve pain

Painful sensations can be quite disruptive and greatly affect your productivity. Such conditions can be acute or chronic, depending on the duration and cause. Even the glitches that chronic pain are fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis and neuropathies. Try the cannabidiol supplements for mild to moderate pain relief. CBD interacts with the anandamide receptors and can reduce the perception of pain. Along with this, it relieves premenstrual pain and abdominal discomfort.

4. Can curb fear

Of all anxiety patients worldwide, around 63% belong to the female population. The reason for such a drastic number of women suffering from anxiety may be the constant rise in hormones. Women experience significant changes in hormone levels due to the menstrual cycle. In addition, such shifts contribute to mood swings, restlessness, and anxiety. The anxiety problems can also be due to an underlying clinical condition.

CBD and Women's Health: Facts & Benefits &

You can use herbal supplements like CBD pills for control Anxiety attacks. CBD can regulate the activity of your brain neurons and reduce the speed of neural firing. All of these effects help reduce anxiety attacks and panic problems.

5. Can prevent acne

Do you have acne breakouts and associated bumps much more often than usual? Hormonal imbalance can trigger acne problems and related skin problems. The exaggerated inflammatory processes can also contribute to the increased occurrence of acne. Environmental factors like dust and pollen clog your skin pores and trigger an inflammatory response. In addition, the reservoir of bacteria in your skin cells replicates faster than normal. Such effects lead to acne bumps and spoil your visual appeal.

You can use CBD skin care to alleviate acne problems. CBD works on the clogged skin pores and cleanses the pores. Along with this, it reduces the inflammatory reactions in your skin cells. All of these effects minimize the incidence of acne in the female population.

CBD and Women's Health: Facts & Benefits &

6. Can control mood problems

Mood swings are another common psychiatric disorder that plagues women’s lives. Constant mood swings and associated conditions can affect your mental state and lead to fatigue. It also leads to symptoms such as depression, constant grief, and loss of interest in daily life. You can try out CBD supplements, too raise your mood and control mental health problems. Cannabidiol interacts with the 5HTA1 receptors and increases the production of serotonin. As serotonin levels rise, your mood tends to become more stable and happier than before.

7. Anti-aging effects

Aging is an inevitable phenomenon and changes the functions of your vital organs. Age-related changes also affect the quality of your skin and worsen the detoxification process. Some symptoms of aging include wrinkles, fine lines, and blemishes. In such cases, you can try CBD skin care or antiaging products. CBD acts on the brain receptors and promotes the elasticity of your facial muscles. In addition, it can clear the skin pores and keep your skin hydrated for a longer period of time.

CBD and Women's Health: Facts & Benefits &

Final verdict

Holistic supplements are the best natural therapy options these days. One such herbal supplement that improves the functions of every vital organ is CBD. It interacts with the brain receptors like anandamide, serotonergic, and cannabinoid receptors. Also, the phytocannabinoid can reduce the premenstrual symptoms that are affecting your life. Long-term CBD therapy can dampen painful sensations, control inflammation, and reduce anxiety. You can try CBD skin care products to control acne and prevent the signs of aging.

Make sure you get authentic CBD supplements to improve your lifestyle.

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