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Pandemic

Decline in Community Respiratory Viral Infections Observed During COVID-19 Pandemic

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The incidence of influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was dramatically reduced in both adults and children during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to previous years, new research at the European Congress on Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases showed.

The retrospective study compared the results of polymerase chain reaction tests of nasopharyngeal swabs for influenza A and B, RSV and SARS-CoV-2, and throat swabs for group A streptococci (GAS) carried out between the Detroit Medical Center and Children’s Hospital of Michigan was conducted September 2019-February 2020 and September 2020-February 2021. Researchers calculated the overall incidence of infections to see if rates of respiratory infections have declined during the COVID-19 pandemic.

For the adult population, 11.5% of influenza A, 13.1% of influenza B, and 9% of RSV tests were positive for the 2019-2020 season. In the 2020-2021 season, 0% of Influenza A, Influenza B, and RSV tests were positive.

The data showed that 22.8% of GAS tests performed on adults in the 2019-2020 season were positive, while 23.11% were positive in the 2020-2021 season.

In the pediatric population, 12.4% of influenza A, 20.2% of influenza B, and 23.7% of RSV tests were positive for the 2019-2020 season. In the 2020-2021 season, 0% of Influenza A and Influenza B were positive and 1 RSV test was positive.

Positive results for GAS testing in the pediatric population showed a significant reduction from 27.00% in the 2019-2020 season to 20.98% in the 2020-2021 season.

The trend of decline during the COVID-19 pandemic continued for other, less common respiratory viruses. In the period 2019-2020, the positive recovery rate was between 0.2% and 4.2% (coronavirus 229E: 0.2%; parainfluenza virus 2: 0.4%; parainfluenza virus 1: 3.5%; human metapneumovirus: 4.2 %) compared to 0% in 2020-2021. The number of GAS tests ordered in the 2020-2021 season has also decreased dramatically compared to previous years.

Community actions introduced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as social distancing, school closings, and masks, may have helped reduce the spread of viral pathogens. A decrease in respiratory viral infections could subsequently have contributed to the decrease in positive tests for GAS, since GAS typically follows viral upper respiratory infections. Viral interference with COVID-19, the dominant pathogen at the time of data analysis, may have blocked co-infection by other viruses and contributed to lowering rates of other respiratory viral diseases.

Despite the recent decline in cases of flu and other respiratory infections, “the incidence is likely to return to normal in the years to come as SARS-CoV-2 becomes a seasonal virus,” concluded lead study author Siri Sarvepalli, an MD Candidate at Wayne State University School of Medicine. During a typical flu season in the United States, there are 9 to 45 million cases of influenza virus infections of all ages, and other respiratory infections such as RSV and rhinovirus are common.

reference

Sarvepalli SS, Cruz ABV, Chopra T, Salimnia H, Chandrasekar P. Striking absence of “usual suspects” during the winter of the COVID-19 pandemic. Presented at: European Congress on Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases; 9-12 July 2021. Abstract 02678. Accessed July 9, 2021. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1yqjPOsxTG5fOcmf1WSABvlRtPn2fcMo_/view

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Pandemic

5 things to know for September 27: Covid-19, Congress, Germany, immigration, Huawei

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The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

Kristin Chenoweth and Idina Menzel play a duet.

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

James Monroe Iglehart and Lin-Manuel Miranda watch backstage.

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

Freestyle Love Supreme will perform during the finals.

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

Jared Grimes and Daniel J. Watts dance on stage.

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Leslie Odom Jr. and Nicolette Robinson play a duet.

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Enter TITUS BURGESS and ANDREW RANNELLS.

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

Spectators wear face masks during the 74th Annual Tony Awards.

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Bill Damaschke, left, and Carmen Pavlovic accept the award for the best musical for “Moulin Rouge! The Musical” by Chita Rivera and Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber.

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

Chita Rivera and Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber present an award.

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Enter Leslie Odom, Jr. and Josh Groban.

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Brian Stokes Mitchell appears during an in-memoriam segment.

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From the left, Matthew López, Hunter Arnold and Tom Kirdahy accept the award for the best piece for “The Inheritance”.

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

From left, Katie Kresek, Justin Levine, Matt Stine and Charlie Rosen embrace backstage after winning the award for best orchestration for “Moulin Rouge! The Musical”.

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

Enter Ben Platt and Anika Noni Rose.

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Kenny Leon accepts the award for the best revival of a piece for “A Soldier’s Play”.

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John Legend, right, appears with the cast of “Ain’t Too Proud”.

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

Anika Noni Rose walks in front of the Winter Garden Theater.

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

David Byrne plays a song from “American Utopia”.

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Leslie Odom, Jr. performs on stage during the 74th Annual Tony Awards.

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Mary-Louise Parker accepts the award for the best performance by an actress in a leading role in a play for “The Sound Inside”.

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Stephanie J. Block and Jesse Tyler Ferguson speak on stage.

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Adrienne Warren accepts the award for the best actress in a leading role in a musical for “Tina – The Tina Turner Musical”.

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Jennifer Holliday will appear at the 74th Annual Tony Awards at the Winter Garden Theater in New York on September 26, 2021.

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

Jenny Steingart and Anthony Veneziale receive a Special Tony Award for “Freestyle Love Supreme”.

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Aaron Tveit accepts the award for the best performance by an actor in a leading role in a musical for “Moulin Rouge! The Musical”.

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Andrew Burnap accepts the award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a play for “The Inheritance”.

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Wendell Pierce and Debra Messing speak on stage.

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Jennifer Nettles appears on stage.

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Britton Smith accepts a Special Tony Award on behalf of the Broadway Advocacy Coalition.

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Wayne Brady and Cyndi Lauper present awards.

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Sonya Tayeh accepts the award for the best choreography for “Moulin Rouge! The Musical”.

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Lin-Manuel Miranda speaks on stage.

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Ali Stroker appears on stage.

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Daphne Rubin-Vega speaks on stage at the 74th Annual Tony Awards.

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David Byrne, left, accepts a Special Tony Award for “American Utopia”.

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Lauren Patten accepts the award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role in a Musical for Jagged Little Pill.

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Lois Smith accepts the award for best performance by an actress in a leading role in a play for “The Inheritance”.

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David Alan Grier poses backstage after receiving the award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a play for “A Soldier’s Play”.

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Danny Burstein accepts the award for best performance by an actor in a leading role in a musical for “Moulin Rouge! The Musical” by Ron Cephas Jones.

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Ron Cephas Jones and John Lithgow present an award on stage.

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Presenter Audra McDonald opens the show.

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Perform on stage from left: Darlene Love, Matthew Morrison, Marissa Jaret Winokur, Chester Gregory and Kerry Butler.

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

Jon batiste

The best photos from the 2021 Tony Awards

Chrissy Teigen

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John Lithgow

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Lin-Manuel Miranda

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Zawe Ashton

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Caroline Aberash Parker, Mary-Louise Parker and William Atticus Parker

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Tom Hiddleston

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Aaron Tveit

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Chalia La Tour

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Chris Giarmo

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Debra Messing

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Matthew Morrison snaps a photo of the red carpet arrivals.

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Kathryn Gallagher, left, and Peter Gallagher.

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Chester Gregory

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Marissa Jaret Winokur

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Irene Gandy

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The cast of “American Utopia”.

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Host Audra McDonald arrives at the 74th annual Tony Awards.

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Stephane San Juan, Angie Swan, Tendayi Kuumba and Jacquelene Acevedo take a selfie together.

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Hosts Leslie Odom Jr., left, and Nicolette Robinson walk the carpet.

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Michael Shannon

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Woodie king jr.

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Frank DiLella

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Rita Pietropinto Kitt and Tom Kitt

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Guests arrive for the 74th Annual Tony Awards at the Winter Garden Theater.

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Pandemic

US has enough COVID-19 vaccines for boosters, kids’ shots

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Thanks to the robust supply in the US, President Joe Biden was able to promise an additional 500 million Covid-19 vaccinations from Pfizer this week to share with the world, doubling the United States’s global contribution. Relief groups and health organizations have urged the United States and other countries to improve access to vaccines in countries where even the most vulnerable have not had a chance.

One of the challenges that countries face is not to order too many cans and to leave them unused. Several states with low vaccination rates, including Idaho and Kansas, have reported throwing away thousands of expired doses or having difficulty using vaccines that are about to expire this fall.

While most vaccines can be left unopened on the shelf for months, the clock starts ticking as soon as a vial is opened. According to the US Food and Drug Administration, vaccines can only be used for six to 12 hours, depending on the manufacturer.

Moderna vaccines are available in 11 to 15 dose vials. Pfizer vials contain up to six doses and Johnson & Johnson vials contain five doses.

“We will see more cans that go unused over time,” said Wisconsin Health Secretary Karen Timberlake. “They come in multidose files. They don’t come in nice, neat individual portion packs. “

State health officials said they tried to request only what health care providers and pharmacies expect from federal supplies. Those numbers have declined since vaccines became generally available in the spring.

But US officials – hoping some of the unvaccinated people will change their minds – are trying to keep enough vaccines on hand for all Americans to get.

This balancing act is difficult and can cause dismay around the world as the US is sitting on unused vaccines while many countries in places like Africa cannot get enough vaccines.

“Someone who sits in a country with few resources to access vaccines and sees people in the US go to a pharmacy and get that vaccine and decide against it, it is bound to cause grief,” said Jen Kates, senior vice president and Director of Global Health and HIV Policy for the Kaiser Family Foundation.

Dr. Marcus Plescia, chief medical officer for the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, which represents health officials in all 50 US states, the District of Columbia and the US territories, said officials expect the available doses of COVID-19 vaccines and manufacturers’ ability to supply more will meet demand across the country.

“I think states have tried to plan as if everyone were being offered a refresher,” he said, suggesting that they were over-prepared for closer recommendations from the FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

California, for example, estimated earlier this month that it would need to deliver an additional 63 million doses by the end of 2022 – if initial vaccinations were approved for children under the age of 12 and boosters were open to everyone.

U.S. health officials late Thursday advocated booster shots of the Pfizer vaccine for all Americans aged 65 and over – along with tens of millions of younger people at higher risk from the coronavirus because of health conditions or work.

California has the lowest transmission rate of any state with nearly 40 million residents, and nearly 70% of eligible residents are fully vaccinated. This means that almost 12 million people are not or not fully vaccinated.

Dr. California Health Secretary Mark Ghaly said the state will rely largely on pharmacies and family doctors to provide refresher courses to seniors, while some large counties and health groups will use mass vaccination sites.

In Pennsylvania, more than 67% of residents over 18 are fully vaccinated. Acting Health Secretary Alison Beam said health officials now have “two missions”: continuing to convince people to get vaccinated and serving those who want a booster or initial vaccination.

“Pennsylvania is being prepared,” said Beam. “And we will have the right levels of vaccines and vaccinees to meet that demand.”

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Pandemic

0 deaths, 282 new cases of COVID-19 in ND, active cases statewide are 3,448

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The North Dakota Department of Health on Sunday morning confirmed 282 new cases of COVID-19 in the state during testing on Jan.

The number of currently active COVID-19 cases in the state is 3,448 as of September 25, 242 fewer than on September 24.

The last time active positives were this high was December 10, 2020 when 3,896 active cases were reported.

Active positive results peaked on November 13, 2020 at 10,409. By July 5, they dropped to 120, but have risen steadily since then.

Of the 282 new positive results on September 25th:

  • 58 were in Burleigh County
  • 46 were in Cass County
  • 29 were in Stark County
  • 24 were in Ward County
  • 20 were in Morton County
  • 19 were in Williams County
  • 12 were in McKenzie County

No deaths were reported on September 25. The North Dakota Department of Health says it is no longer providing public information on COVID-19 deaths by gender, age and location.

So far, a total of 1,604 people have died as a result of COVID-19 in North Dakota.

According to official death records, 1,312 of these are directly attributable to COVID-19. In another 277 deaths, COVID-19 is not the leading cause of death. A total of 15 death registers are pending.

Recoveries and active cases

The health department reports that 124,420 people of the 129,472 positive cases are considered recovered, an increase of 567 people from September 24th.

The number of people reported recovering from COVID-19 on September 25 (567) is higher than the number of new COVID-19 cases reported that day (282).

Hospital stays

130 people are currently hospitalized on September 25 due to COVID-19, 10 more than on September 24. A total of 5,134 people have been hospitalized since records of the pandemic began in March 2020.

Breakthrough infections and hospitalizations

As of September 25, the total number of North Dakotans fully vaccinated was 336,166. A total of 544 people who were fully vaccinated tested positive for COVID-19.

A total of 16 people who were fully vaccinated and tested positive for COVID-19 were hospitalized.

More information about this data can be found directly on the NDDoH website by clicking here.

Reinfections

As of September 25, there have been 500 reinfections with COVID-19 since June 27, 2021. The NDDoH does not report whether these people who received reinfection were vaccinated.

Other dates

COVID-19 cases have been reported in all 53 North Dakota counties since the persecution began.

Those aged 20 to 29 have the most positive cases among those tested so far.

According to the data, 65 percent of all North Dakotans have been tested for COVID-19.

The results listed today cover all tests performed the day before.

You can read more about the daily statistics and other information and resources related to COVID-19 on the North Dakota Department of Health website here.

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