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Women’s Health

Millie Bobby Brown sexualized again with Hunter Echo’s lewd comments

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Millie Bobby Brown, 17, is an Emmy-nominated actress who is widely recognized for her appearances in film and television. The “Stranger Things” star rose to fame when she was only 12 and spent most of her youth in public. But while her childhood was full of accolades, she was also full of media monitoring, online bullying, and repeated sexualization.

The latest affront concerns TikTok star Hunter Ecimovic, 21, who alleged on a livestream this week that he “sexually groomed” Brown by making a series of indecent comments about the young actress, using a term that experts believe sexually assaulted people say Describes the behavior of offenders use to lay the foundation for abuse.

USA TODAY has not been able to identify a representative for Ecimovic whose Instagram and Twitter accounts have been disabled. TikTok only allows direct messages between friends.

It was an egregious injury, and given the age difference, the age difference sparked outrage on social media to defend Brown, who previously spoke out on the toll that hypersexualization and online hatred have taken her life.

It’s unclear whether Brown and Ecimovic (who is named Hunter Echo on TikTok and has 1.6 million followers) were ever in a relationship, although representatives of the actress said in a statement that “Mr. Ecimovic’s statements on social media are not only dishonest, but also irresponsible, offensive, and hateful. Instead of engaging in public discourse with him through the press or on social media, we are taking steps to ensure that he stops this behavior once and for all. “

Whether Ecimovic’s claims are true, its livestream continues the trend of sexualizing a girl who until recently was considered a minor in most states. At the age of 13, Brown was put on W magazine’s list of “Why TV is Sexier Than Ever,” and adult men have frequently commented on how they look online. A 2016 GQ profile called her a “very adult child” and noticed the appearance of her legs.

On social media, users berated Ecimovic for sexualizing a minor and condemning the public for their complicity in normalizing a culture that instills and consistently punishes young girls for adult sexuality.

“It’s all the more worrying because she’s so young and has been sexualized from an early age,” said Laura Palumbo, communications director for the National Sexual Violence Resource Center. “When someone experiences such extensive sexualization – through society, through the media – it takes away some of their power and agency in sexual relationships. They have no control over the way they have been sexualized and that can affect how others treat them. “

When Brown turned 16 last year, she posted a message on Instagram blaming the media and the public for years of abuse.

“The past few years have not been easy, I’ll admit,” Brown wrote. “There are moments when I get frustrated about inaccuracies, inappropriate comments, sexualization and unnecessary insults that ultimately lead to pain and insecurity for me.”

A report by the American Psychological Association found that girls’ sexualization “may contribute to” body dissatisfaction, eating disorders, low self-esteem, depressive affects, and even physical health problems in high school girls and young women with a societal tolerance of sexual violence . “

“Hypersexualization is seen as the price girls and women have to pay for their visibility,” said Juliet Williams, professor of gender studies at UCLA. “It reinforces their positioning as sexual objects and makes their objectification appear natural and legitimate. If you need evidence of what’s wrong with the hypersexualization, just check out the shameful, disrespectful comments (Brown). “

The sexualization of girls is inevitable

The sexualization of girls and young women is ubiquitous, especially for those in the spotlight. In 2004, before Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen turned 18, websites were displaying clocks that counted down until they became “legal”. Natalie Portman, who was frequently sexualized in her early roles, shared on Women’s March that “my local radio show has started a countdown to my 18th birthday – glossing over the date I was legally allowed to sleep.”

Portman noted in Dax Shepard’s “Armchair Expert” podcast in 2020 that “being sexualized as a child, I believe, took away my own sexuality because it scared me”.

Healthy sexuality, according to the APA, is “an important component of both physical and mental health, promotes intimacy, bonding and mutual pleasure, and includes mutual respect between consenting partners.”

Palumbo said adult education and sexualization of girls and young women denied them freedom of choice.

“It is projected as a compliment – this is a sign of maturity that you are in some way different or different from other children and young women,” she said. “This is the way society captures girls and young women, because then it depends on whether you are worthy of the status we have given you, whether you wanted to or not.”

“Yes, no, I took care of her”

On Ecimovic’s livestream, he jokes about Brown, “Yes, no, I took care of her,” laughs with friends before speaking explicitly about alleged sexual acts between the two.

Analysis:How healthy celebrities take advantage of a young audience to abuse them

“The term grooming is often used in connection with child sexual abuse. It is very disturbing to see it being used so carelessly,” Palumbo said. “It’s not about sexual experiences that convey reciprocity and respect, but in a very humiliating way that suggests that it is normal or admirable to manipulate or woo young women into sexual behavior.”

Williams said Ecimovic’s comments weren’t surprising. Men often try to promote their manhood by referring to women as sexual conquests.

Psychologists:‘Traditional masculinity’ harmful

Analysis:Men pay a heavy price when it comes to masculinity

“One thing that can be said about this guy is that he works from a very common script,” Williams said. “The things he said are the height of the cliché. Everyone knows that women have always been so humiliated.”

Do better for girls in and out of the spotlight

Everyone has a role to play in preventing the hypersexualization of women and girls, experts say.

The media can be more careful with their depictions (and avoid stories that focus on a young star’s body or sexual attraction), adults can scrutinize messages they send to girls about their worth (and avoid hints that male attention attracts a Achievement is) and girls and women themselves can fight against what they are told to internalize (and resist pressure to only post highly sexual pictures on social media).

And whenever someone overhears a person talking about Brown like Ecimovic did, Williams said it is their responsibility to shut it down.

“Are you part of a social media group that has these types of conversations? Have you ever said, ‘Well this is just my college buddy, this is just my cousin or brotherhood’? said. “Every single girl and woman in the world knows that we are only a tweet away from rank humiliation.”

If you survived a sexual assault, RAINN provides assistance through the National Sexual Assault Hotline (800.656.HOPE & online.rainn.org).

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Women’s Health

TBI experience, recovery different in women, men

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December 03, 2021

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Biography / Disclosures

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Biography:
Odette Harris MD, MPH, is Professor of Neurosurgery and Director of Brain Injury at Stanford University School of Medicine. She is also the deputy chief of staff for rehabilitation in the Palo Alto Health Care System of the Veterans Administration and site director of the Center of Excellence for Traumatic Brain Injury.

Disclosure: Harris does not report any relevant financial information.

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Most studies of traumatic brain injuries, particularly those relating to military populations and blast injuries, included primarily or exclusively men.

It’s not uncommon to find papers on traumatic brain injury (TBI) in which only 5% or 1% of the study cohort were female without attempting to analyze whether it was in this small percentage of women compared to the group There were differences as a whole.

Without further information, we may draw erroneous conclusions about the experience and recovery of women with TBI. Our treatment strategies, whether rehabilitative care or neurosurgical emergency procedures, are therefore significantly less evidence-based in female patients than in male patients.

Odette Harris

A few years ago, my colleagues and I carried out a literature search to find out what is known so far about gender differences in TBI (Kim et al.). We found that depression was more common in women than in men. In addition, women were dramatically more likely than men to report somatosensory deficits, including vestibular, oculomotor, and proprioceptive problems related to vision.

A lot more work is needed to understand the nuances behind these results. In particular, we need larger retrospective data sets that include more women, as well as prospective data collection by gender that assesses both brain structure and function.

My neuroscientific colleague Maheen Adamson, PhD, was looking for surrogate markers in the brain that could help us understand the relationship between brain structure and functional changes after TBI. Cortical thickness is one such potential marker, widely used in imaging studies of neurological disease progression, but we don’t yet know how reliable it is in tracking acquired brain injuries like a TBI.

In healthy brains there are gender-specific differences in this marker: women have a cerebral cortex that is about 6% thicker than men. Both men and women experience cortical thinning after a TBI, but imaging studies suggest that female veterans had greater cortical thinning than their male counterparts.

Ideally, we want to see how these physiological changes in the brain correlate with patients’ symptoms and functional outcomes. We are still at the very early stages of this work, but it holds the promise of better understanding and predicting response to treatment.

This work could be transferred to other subpopulations in addition to women – for example to older or younger patients or to certain types of injuries. It’s not that the literature on TBI is untrue, it’s just that it isn’t nuanced enough to ensure the most accurate treatment.

I am pleased that many different disciplines are noticing and addressing this issue. With ongoing efforts, I am optimistic that we can develop a more complete picture of how the brain and brain function of women are affected by TBI so that we can practice truly evidence-based neurosurgery and rehabilitation after brain injury.

Reference:

For more informations:

Odette Harris MD, MPH, is Professor of Neurosurgery and Director of Brain Injury at Stanford University School of Medicine. She is also the deputy chief of staff for rehabilitation in the Palo Alto Health Care System of the Veterans Administration and site director of the Center of Excellence for Traumatic Brain Injury. Harris focuses on collaborative approaches to implementing and optimizing algorithms that aim to improve outcomes in neurosurgical care. She is a National Medical Fellowship for Excellence in Academic Medicine and has received many other awards for her clinical and research work. She is the past president of Women in Neurosurgery and the director of the California Association of Neurological Surgeons.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed on this blog are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policies or position of the Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation Association, unless otherwise stated. This blog is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice from a doctor. NORA does not recommend or endorse any specific tests, doctors, products or procedures. You can find more information about our website and online content here.

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Women’s Health

Opinion | Abortion: The Voice of the Ambivalent Majority

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If you want to know why our policies are so dire, check out our public debates on abortion over the past 72 hours.

Everyone suspects where the Supreme Court is going with regard to Roe v. Wade seems to be steering. But as our policies have become rougher and more combative, many conservatives do not even recognize the problems that have always made this subject so difficult. For example, how do we show appropriate respect and respect for women who become pregnant in dire circumstances? How do we respect women who say, “This is not abstract. This is my body and my private concern? ”What would it look like to ban abortions where the vast majority do not believe that life begins with conception? Many conservatives focus on the fetus to the exclusion of everything else.

On the other hand, many of the progressive comments will not recognize the fetus at all. In the past day or two, I’ve seen progressive abortions referring to just female health care or a completely private choice of what a woman does to her body. Many progressives speak of abortion as if it could not possibly mean the end of a human life.

Right now, in the post-Trump degradation of public life, politicians, propagandists, and activists on this issue are leaving out the tough and complex issues in order to vigorously represent their side. And that’s what we see in issue after issue. The armies of certainty march forward and dominate debate and politics. The rest of us are left behind, hampered by ambivalence. We live in a democracy in which the majority often does not rule.

To a professional expert, I have written remarkably little about abortion because I am so torn. For most of my life, I’ve believed myself to be an election supporter because I didn’t trust that I knew when life began and I didn’t want to impose my views on others. But as with many people, my life has crossed with the topic.

When I was around 19, a friend came home from college and found she was pregnant. She asked me to guide her through the abortion process, which I did. My progressive milieu did not prepare me for the moral and emotional torment she went through before and especially after the abortion. I realized how serious this issue was and the humility with which it had to be approached.

Then came science. Like many people, I have been influenced by the sonograms and how they show a human form in the early stages of the fetus.

I have read many books about human development and what I realize is that things happen in the womb much earlier than we used to think. After 20 or 21 weeks, before what was considered viable, the fetus starts sucking its thumb, moving its eyes, and hearing noises. A female fetus has eggs of its own. These are sobering realities.

Then miscarriages occur. I’ve seen many grieve over miscarriages. I mourned myself. It doesn’t feel like the loss of some cells, but of life.

The experience and the resulting moral sentiments have moved me many levels towards an anti-abortion position. Does that mean I know when life starts That doesn’t seem like the right question anymore. I have come to believe that all people have a piece of themselves that is neither size, shape, color nor weight, but gives them infinite value and dignity, and it is their soul. For me the crucial question is when a living organism becomes a human soul. My intuition is that it is not a moment, but a process – a process shrouded in divine secrets.

Unfortunately, that leaves me in a monotonous political position – with about half of Americans who want to restrict abortion under certain circumstances, but – perhaps because they think it’s impractical or wrong – don’t want to ban it altogether. Third trimester abortions and some second trimester abortions seem increasingly wrong to me, except in exceptional circumstances. But the first trimester? I don’t know, and that’s why I would bow to any woman’s conscience.

Given where the Supreme Court seems to be going, I would endorse the compromise position that Claremont McKenna Professor Jon A. Shields outlined on these pages in October, which could include tightening abortion restrictions after the first trimester.

I think that means I stand up for John Roberts in the current deliberations on the Dobbs v Jackson women’s health organization. He has signaled that he is open to consider whether the court could uphold Mississippi law banning abortion after 15 weeks but not repeal Roe and allow states to enact total or near-total bans. But he can be in a minority.

I used to support the overthrow of Roe because I thought it would be healthy to take the abortion issue out of the courts and back to the state legislatures. I used to think that most states would end up where the nation’s center of gravity was – with restrictions, but not prohibitions.

But we are now trying to tackle a pathetically complex issue in a brutalized political culture. Majorities do not rule in this country; polarized minorities do. The proof of this week is that post-roe politics would make even our current politics seem tame. I’m not sure our democracy is strong enough for that.

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Women’s Health

Embryo donation: One possible path after IVF

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In vitro fertilization (IVF) has made it possible for countless people to have children for decades, often after years of disappointment. It’s a complex process, medically and emotionally. Those who begin an IVF cycle are often focused on the baby they crave. Most hope that one cycle will produce multiple embryos, as more than one embryo transfer is often required to achieve a successful full pregnancy.

Any remaining embryos can offer hope for future pregnancies and more children. But remaining embryos also bring difficult decisions to the fore – if not immediately, then in the following years. The choices a person or couple makes can be broken down into five avenues. One way – donating embryos to another person or couple in the hope of having children – raises many questions. This path and these questions are the subject of this post.

A decision-making path for people who have become parents through IVF

If you became parents through IVF and still have embryos, you are not alone. Estimates of the number of cryopreserved embryos in the United States vary, but it is likely to be in the hundreds of thousands.

You can be among the many people or couples who intend to use their embryos, or those whose family feels complete. And you may start figuring out what to do with your embryos, or you may put the decision on hold, pay for annual embryo storage and feel no urgency to make a decision as embryos can be safely frozen for many years. Having “extras” in the freezer can offer comfort, some sort of psychological insurance after years of disappointment and loss.

However, sooner or later most people will find themselves at a decision point when considering these options:

  • You can dispose of your remaining embryos. This can feel more difficult than you expected, but absolutely doable. You see these embryos as part of the IVF process that made it possible for you to have your beloved child or children. The word “dispose of” sounds harsh, but you are unwilling to raise another child and do not see them as an option to donate them to someone else.
  • You can choose to have another child. Having a larger family wasn’t what you planned or hoped for, but you are seeing additional embryos as part of IVF and a new child than intended. You look at your family and decide it is worth undergoing at least one more embryo transfer before making a final decision about disposal.
  • You can choose to donate your embryos to science. Unfortunately, when you start exploring this you will find that there is no easy way to do it. You may choose to explore other possible avenues or focus on one of the other options.
  • You can donate your embryos to someone else or to a couple. For some it feels natural: they have been given children and want to pass them on to others who long for pregnancy and parenting. For many, however, the decision to donate is neither easy nor natural. Rather, it presents a huge dilemma: you want to honor the embryos and offer them a chance at life, but you have unsettled feelings when you think about your genetic offspring being raised by another family.
  • Not to be decided is to be decided. In listing the options, it is important to acknowledge that some of your IVF colleagues choose not to make up their minds. They are among the many who have “given up” their embryos (the term clinics use for families who avoid contact). You no longer pay storage fees; they do not respond to outreach calls and letters.

What questions arise when you decide to donate embryos to another family?

Author Anna Hecker wrote in TheNew York Times of her own decision about unused embryos: “For me, this far exceeds my discomfort. I see it as a life or death decision that makes it almost impossible to make. ”When couples make that decision, I can testify that this feeling of the” almost impossible “passes over time as people get along with it deal with their choice and arrive at a place of clarity and peace.

Below are some, if not all, of the questions you are likely to encounter while considering embryo donation. If you are part of a couple, these questions can be clarified with your partner. (If you’re single, the choice is yours.)

  • How would we feel if another family raised a child created with our genes?
  • Would it feel okay if we knew the family we are donating to, or could that make it harder to see how our child might have grown up with others as parents?
  • Is that fair to the children involved? How will our children feel when they know that they have full siblings in another family? What will you think of the fact that it was the random choice of an embryologist who determined which embryo ends up in our family and which in another?
  • How will children who come from our donation feel? Will they feel displaced as if they ended up in the wrong family? Maybe it will feel a bit like a science fiction project?
  • How will we perceive possible challenges in the future: Our child will get sick, the family to which we donate will be divorced, we vehemently reject the upbringing style and the values ​​of the other family?
  • If we choose to donate, how should we find a family? Does geography or demographics matter – for example, will it feel good or more complicated to have them around? Should we donate to a same-sex couple, elderly single woman, or others?
  • Do we want to tell family members and friends of our decision to donate our embryos? If so, how much of this information do we share?
  • If there are multiple embryos, do we all donate to the same family or do they share? For those who do not want to discard embryos, it may be important to make sure none are discarded when the receiving family is feeling complete.
  • If our embryos were created using donor eggs and / or sperm cells, should we get permission or consent from the donor? What do we do if we don’t have access to the donor?

These questions are complicated, best done over time and with care. While you may want to make the decision soon so that you can feel closed and move on as a family, I have found that this is one case in life where you move slowly, attend and rethink a decision, accept doubts, and take breaks have to. they all contribute to the fact that you ultimately feel that your decision is the right one.

As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing offers access to our library of archived content. Please note the date of the last review or update for all articles. No content on this website, regardless of the date, should never be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

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