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Healthy Eating

Foods, Meal Plans, and What to Eat or Avoid

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  • The best diets for people with diabetes are the Mediterranean Diet, the DASH Diet, and the Keto Diet.
  • The best foods for diabetes include non-starchy vegetables, lean protein, and healthy fats.
  • If you have diabetes, avoid sugar foods, refined carbohydrates, and fried foods like donuts.
  • Visit Insider’s Health Reference Library for more advice.

For people with

diabetes
It is important to eat a healthy diet that focuses on fruits and vegetables and limits or avoids refined carbohydrates and sugars.

Eating this way can help keep blood sugar stable. Both people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes need to carefully monitor their blood sugar levels to avoid health complications.

People with prediabetes – high blood sugar that is not yet diabetic – should also follow a similar eating plan to keep their disease from getting worse

Type 2 diabetes
.

If you have diabetes or are at risk, here’s how to eat healthy and regulate your blood sugar levels with three of the best diets to follow.

Foods To Eat When You Have Diabetes

People with diabetes should get the majority of their diets from vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean proteins and dairy products, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

The best foods for people with diabetes are:

  • Non-starchy vegetables like leafy greens, broccoli, peppers and tomatoes.
  • full grain like oatmeal, brown rice, and multigrain bread.
  • fruit like melon, apples and bananas.
  • Lean protein like fish, grilled chicken and nuts.
  • dairy that is low-fat or fat-free, like yogurt or milk.

“Foods high in protein and healthy fat are best for a diabetic diet, such as beef, pork, chicken, and fish,” said John Burd, PhD, clinical researcher and innovator and founder of lysulin, a dietary supplement for people with diabetes.

This is because protein and fat are not converted to glucose as easily as carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are processed quickly so they cause blood sugar to rise sharply, followed by a sharp drop. So-called simple carbohydrates – like candy and refined sugar – are broken down the fastest and have the greatest impact on blood sugar.

Complex carbohydrates – like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains – contain fiber and are digested more slowly. Because they are released into the bloodstream more slowly, they have less of an impact on blood sugar than simple carbohydrates.

note: For more information, read How Many Carbohydrates to Take in Each Day If You Are Diabetic.

Foods To Avoid In Diabetes You

Overall, people with diabetes should avoid foods high in saturated fats and added sugar. This contains:

  • Sugary drinks like juice or soda.
  • Sweet, processed foods like cookies or candy.
  • Simple carbohydrates including white bread or refined grains such as cereals.
  • Fried food like donuts or fried chicken.

If you want to create a nutrition plan with the right foods, try one of the three following diets.

1. Mediterranean diet

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Fruits and vegetables are vital to the Mediterranean diet.


Crystal Cox / Business Insider

The Mediterranean diet focuses on plant foods like fruits, vegetables, and nuts; Protein like fish; and healthy fats from olive oil. It is often recommended for people with diabetes because it is high in vegetables and lean proteins, while also limiting added or refined sugars.

For example, a 2009 study published in the journal Diabetic Medicine found that patients who a

Mediterranean cuisine
had stricter lower HbA1c levels – a measure of blood sugar levels over a three-month period – and lower blood sugar levels right after meals than people who were less strict about the Mediterranean diet.

A 2010 scientific review published in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice concluded that the Mediterranean diet was beneficial in preventing diabetes, controlling blood sugar, and reducing cardiovascular risk factors – including high blood sugar – for humans was helpful with diabetes.

A day on a Mediterranean diet could look like this:

  • breakfast: Greek yogurt with berries and nuts.
  • Having lunch: Salad with olive oil, salmon and whole grain pita bread.
  • dinner: Whole grain pizza crust with vegetables and low-fat cheese.
  • snack: Nuts, fruits or hard-boiled egg.

Note: Read our guide to the Mediterranean diet for more tips.

2. DASH diet

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The DASH diet can help reduce the risk of gestational diabetes.


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The DASH diet is very similar to the Mediterranean diet and focuses on fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins. While it was designed to help people with high blood pressure, it has also been shown to be beneficial for people with diabetes.

For example, a 2017 study published in the Diabetics Spectrum, the journal of the American Diabetes Association, found that after

DASH diet
can reduce insulin resistance and weight, both of which increase the risk of diabetes. The study concluded that the DASH diet is an “acceptable nutritional pattern for people with diabetes”.

A 2019 study published in Diabetes Management also found that adolescents following the DASH diet were using. could help

Type 1 diabetes
Better control their condition after 18 days of the diet and establish healthy eating habits.

Additionally, a 2016 study published in the journal Nutrition found that following the DASH diet can reduce the risk of gestational diabetes by up to 71% if diabetes occurs during pregnancy.

A day on the DASH diet could look like this:

  • Breakfast: Omelette with vegetables and low-fat cheese.
  • Having lunch: Tuna on a pita wrap with sliced ​​vegetables.
  • Dinner: Roast chicken with potatoes and vegetables.
  • Snack: Fruits, nuts or reduced-fat cheese.

Note: Read our DASH Diet Guide for more information on this nutritional plan.

3. Keto Diet

ketogenic ketogenic diet

The keto diet can be a great option for people with type 2 diabetes.


Hollis Johnson / INSIDER

The keto diet focuses on consuming fats and proteins while reducing carbohydrates. It aims to put your body in the metabolic state of ketosis. Ketosis is when your body burns fat for fuel instead of carbohydrates.

This can be helpful for people with type 2 diabetes because breaking down fats and proteins in fuel doesn’t raise blood sugar levels in the same way that breaking down carbohydrates does.

Research on the

Keto diet
is more mixed compared to the DASH or Mediterranean diet. For example, a 2019 study published in the journal Nutrients found that in people with type 2 diabetes, the keto diet may be effective at lowering blood sugar and weight, but drastically reducing carbohydrates might not be sustainable in the long run because many people find it difficult.

Additionally, the study warned that the safety of the keto diet for people with type 1 diabetes – who are at risk for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) – has not been proven. DKA occurs when ketones – the byproduct of burning fat for fuel – build up in the blood, so a diet that promotes the release of ketones could be potentially dangerous for type 1 diabetics.

Overall, if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you should speak to your doctor before trying the keto diet. While there is some evidence that it can be helpful for people with type 2 diabetes, it can still pose health risks and be potentially dangerous for people with type 1 diabetes.

If your doctor allows you to follow this diet for diabetes, it might look like this:

  • breakfast: Bacon with eggs.
  • Having lunch: Asparagus wrapped in ham.
  • dinner: Steak with fried vegetables.
  • snack: Avocado, nuts or cheese.

Note: For more information, read about the benefits and risks of the keto diet for diabetes.

Insider tips

Whichever approach to nutrition you choose, it is important for people with diabetes to have a nutrition plan.

That’s because it can help you track your carbohydrates and control your blood sugar, which reduces your risk for complications like kidney disease and vision problems.

If you’re interested in developing a customized nutrition plan for your diabetes, speak to your doctor to learn more.

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Healthy Eating

One Major Effect Garlic Has On Your Gut, Says Science

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Your gut is arguably one of the most important things to look out for when it comes to your overall health, as it can affect your risk for things like excessive weight gain, gastrointestinal disorders, and even cancer.

As more research is done, experts find that Food and nutrition play a huge role in maintaining your gut health. In fact, foods like yogurt, sprouted grains, salmon, and garlic have all been shown to make a positive contribution.

Particularly noteworthy is garlic. Not only because it is delicious, but also because it has been used medicinally for thousands of years. One important effect of garlic on your gut that researchers recently discovered is its Ability to act as a prebiotic for your gut microbiome.

But why is it so important? Well, maintaining a balanced gut microbiome is vital as it is the group of bacteria, fungi, and other components that live in your digestive tract that directly affect things like your digestion, immune system, and even your mental health!

Read on to learn exactly why prebiotic foods like garlic are necessary for maintaining a healthy gut.

First, what is garlic made of?

Garlic may be small, but it’s actually a complex food, with many different types of nutrients and compounds that make it a common medicinal meal supplement.

According to Nutrients, garlic cloves are mostly made up of carbohydrates, but they also contain protein, fiber, amino acids, water, and organosulfur compounds (which are also found in broccoli, onions, and cabbage).

Most of the carbohydrates in garlic are fructose polymers known as fructans. Although the health benefits of fructans are constantly being researched, many experts consider them “health-promoting food ingredients”.

For example, a report published in the Scientific World Journal states that fructans are known to promote better immune health, act as antioxidants in the body, and potentially act as prebiotics in the gut.

RELATED: Secret Side Effects of Eating Garlic, Science Says

How garlic helps your gut

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It is important to note that much of the current research on garlic and gut health is conducted through animal testing, so more specifically related to human health needs to be discovered.

However, current knowledge about garlic and human health is positive and shows many specific benefits for the human gut microbiome.

According to Food Science & Human Wellness, the fructans contained in garlic act as “prebiotics” in the intestinal microbiome and promote the production of “good” intestinal bacteria (also known as bifidobacteria).

Prebiotics can do this by passing through your digestive tract without actually being digested, which allows them to be used as nourishment for the good bacteria in your gut, helping to keep the other bacteria in your gut at bay.

In addition, prebiotics are known to lower cholesterol and reduce the risk of cancer and other serious diseases, according to the Encyclopedia of Food and Health.

So it’s easy to see that garlic really does have some amazing gut health benefits, and while more research needs to be done, the current results are promising!

Read this next:

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Healthy Eating

Craving food vs. choosing food – FIT Talk With Tania

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Photo: Contributed

When we use food to create hormonal balance instead of dieting, amazing things happen to our health.

When it comes to food, here in North America and in all of the First World countries we have choices – an overwhelming variety.

Aside from the rush for toilet paper over the past year, how many times have you gone to the grocery store and seen empty shelves? It never happens.

Some call it a blessing, some blame it on their poor food choices.

Regardless of where you sit on this food spectrum, we know for sure that we should be one of the healthiest nations on earth. But we are not. As a wealthy First World country, we have an abundance of food, but the vast majority of the population is nutritionally starved. One wonders how that can happen. It all depends on the choice.

Many diseases such as cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, digestive problems and leaky gut are all referred to as lifestyle diseases today. Why? Because the lifestyle that the individual has chosen over time is what caused the disease.

It would therefore seem logical that if our decisions could have a negative outcome, it would seem reasonable that they could elicit a positive response as well. And there is science to back it up.

A study published on the NCBI website by the National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health, shows how diet and lifestyle changes are key to reversing these lifestyle ailments and restoring general health.

“But Tania,” you say, “there is heart disease in my family, so sooner or later I’ll get it.”

So why not do it as late as possible?

And to address the genetic elephant in the room, our DNA only controls about 20 percent of the result of our health. Some scientists are now saying that it is even less. This means that we have about 80 percent control over the outcome of our health. Pretty amazing, isn’t it?

So why do most of our population continue to make poor food choices?

There are two aspects that play a role in how and what we eat – physiological and psychological.

The way our bodies are made up, our physiology requires us to ingest food. When we deprive our body of what it needs – restricting calories, removing food groups, forgetting to eat, skipping meals, eating junk food – blood sugar crashes and appetite hormones like leptin and grehlin are out of whack. .

However, the brain – the psychological component – still needs nourishment.

When we withdraw the energy it needs from our body, Grehlin goes into full swing and causes the brain to tell the body that it needs food quickly. Leptin, which normally tells us when we are full, is switched off.

Hello cravings and overeating. And then people are most likely to resort to packaged, processed, and / or sugary foods rather than healthy, healthy foods. It is a good thing to ignore cravings for bad food, but if you don’t refuel with good food on a regular basis throughout the day (for whatever reason – time, working late, dieting), your body will get its own Muscles take it away to form glucose and send it to the brain. Oh, and for your information, in case you’re wondering, it won’t take away from your stored fat.

It is quite difficult to make good food choices when hormones and “hangry” feelings are working against you when you demand to be fed as soon as possible. The thing is, you can get these hormones to work in your favor, to work with your body and brain to get rid of cravings, overeating, and spontaneous snacking. Believe it or not, you do it with food. The thing is, when food is used to restore hormonal balance, health happens.

Hormones are balanced when blood sugar levels are stabilized. And the way to stabilize blood sugar is to eat small, macro-balanced meals every three to four hours throughout the day.

I call this all three PFCs. Simply put, it’s a balanced mix of high-quality protein, healthy fat, and colorful carbohydrates combined within an hour of waking up and then every three to four hours throughout the day until about an hour and a half before bed.

It’s a simple concept that requires a little organization and preparation to get started, but the benefits are well worth it.

Blood sugar levels become normal, hormones are balanced, menopausal symptoms are minimized or eliminated, inflammation is reduced, joint pain is relieved, digestion is improved, cholesterol and blood pressure are normalized, the immune system is improved, it could help reverse some diseases, the Metabolism will turn on and stay on and the body will release stored fat and burn it for energy.

Just a little trivia for you – Did you know that for every pound of fat, there are 3,500 calories of stored energy waiting to be consumed? And as soon as the stored fat is broken down, will the excess weight that you possibly carry also be released?

It’s a wonderful side benefit that occurs when you stop dieting and focus on creating health.

Do you want to create health in your body? Join the 8 Weeks is All it Takes Facebook group today.

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Healthy Eating

The Surprising Snack You Should Avoid Because It Causes Bloating And Fatigue Throughout The Day

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Snacking is a normal and healthy part of any diet, as long as you choose the right snacks. When deciding which foods to include in your diet to bridge the gap between meals, it is important to choose nutrient-rich ingredients that can help boost your energy levels and support an increased feeling of satiety to help you achieve the Avoid consuming excess calories throughout the day.

However, not all high macronutrient density snacks are actually ideal for weight loss, and some can make sweeping claims while they may get in the way of your weight loss success or even cause weight gain, inflammation, and discomfort. If you are struggling with a tight and bloated stomach after snacking, there comes a point where nutritionists agree that you should consider eliminating it from your diet.

We are giving away a clean, environmentally friendly hand soap package from Cleancult

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Protein is hands down one of the most important nutrients to include in any balanced diet, but the way you consume your protein is important to consider. While protein bars are a simple snack, they are generally not well suited to promoting weight loss and wellness, and are often full of preservatives, excess carbohydrates, and added sugars, but they can make inflammation in your body worse.

“Unfortunately, the quality of most bars on the market is very poor and should not be considered healthy,” warns registered dietitian Trista Best. “The vast majority are made up of refined carbohydrates, sugar and gluten, all of which can lead to gas and fatigue . “

If you’re snacking on a protein bar, chances are you’re looking for a quick protein boost and enough energy to get you through to your next meal. However, opting for a bar over a naturally occurring source of protein can come with a number of side effects, many of which are uncomfortable for the body. “As the body works to process these ingredients, it becomes inflamed, especially the intestines, and this inflammation leads to gas and fatigue, among other things,” says Best.

Although gas isn’t directly related to weight gain, it can make your body feel uncomfortable and negatively affect your mental health. If you feel that your clothes are tighter you may be inclined to ditch your healthy eating plan, but it is better to identify the foods that are causing these problems rather than assuming your weight loss plan will fail.

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Since protein bars are often filled with additives and excess sugar, they can also have an inverse effect on your metabolism, making it difficult to burn fat at rest and consequently, weight gain over time. This snack may go well with your healthy diet as it provides one of the most important macronutrients you need to streamline your diet, but at the end of the day, getting your protein from more natural sources like chickpeas will serve you better Salad, lean meat, or even Greek yogurt.

These foods are more likely to keep your body energized while also being low in calories, sugar, and unhealthy preservatives, making them better at limiting inflammation, fatigue, and weight gain.

If you’ve just finished a difficult workout or are severely low in calories for the day, a low-sugar, high-protein bar may not be the worst option for getting a quick burst of energy. However, make sure that you don’t rely on this highly processed snack in your daily diet to banish gas, unnecessary fatigue, and discomfort and try to find more natural alternatives to give your body the energy it needs needed to make it between meals.

As with any food, you can enjoy protein bars in moderation and still see success with your healthy diet, but contrary to popular belief, in order to feel optimal about your body, they shouldn’t be a part of your diet. A good rule of thumb is to eat as many natural, whole foods as possible, and there are a variety of different sources that will benefit your body in the long run.

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