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Adding CBD to THC Doesn’t Reduce the Effects of Cannabis, Study Shows

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Share on PinterestSome research indicates that CBD can mitigate the effects associated with cannabis products containing THC, but a recent study suggests otherwise. Juanma Hache/Getty Images

  • Some research has suggested that CBD can mitigate the effects associated with cannabis products containing THC.
  • A recent study has found the inverse, suggesting that inhaling CBD alongside THC did not protect participants from the short-term effects of a THC “high.”
  • Some experts say that consuming CBD alongside or after THC could reduce the psychoactive effects of cannabis for some people.
  • Larger studies are still needed to determine whether adding CBD to THC changes the pleasurable or unpleasant effects of cannabis.

The cannabis plant contains hundreds of different compounds. This includes tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main intoxicating compound, as well as cannabidiol (CBD), which doesn’t induce the same kind of “high.”

As seen with THC and CBD, both of which contain a type of compound called cannabinoids, cannabis compounds may have very different effects.

So when people use cannabis products, what they experience depends on which compounds are present and in what amounts.

Some research has suggested that CBD can reduce some of the effects associated with delta-9-THC, such as changes in memory and attention, as well as delusions, hallucinations, and similar effects.

However, other research has found no impact of CBD on delta-9-THC effects.

In a new study, researchers from the United Kingdom and Australia tested different CBD-to-THC ratios to clarify how CBD and THC work in the body when inhaled together.

The results, published on Nov. 16 in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology, show no evidence that CBD reduces the negative or pleasurable effects of THC.

In the study, researchers recruited 46 healthy volunteers ages 21 to 50 years old who had used cannabis in the past but not more than once per week during the previous year.

Over the course of four experiments, participants inhaled cannabis vapor containing 10 milligrams (mg) of THC combined with a different level of CBD (0 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, or 30 mg).

Study author Amir Englund, PhD, a research fellow at King’s College London’s Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, told Healthline they chose these CBD-to-THC ratios because they’re representative of the majority of cannabis products consumed for recreational purposes.

After using cannabis, participants completed a series of tasks to measure the short-term impact of THC and CBD on their cognitive performance and how pleasurable the experience was.

Researchers also measured symptoms such as delusions, conceptual disorganization, hallucinations, hyperactivity, grandiosity, suspiciousness, and hostility — what they classified as “psychotic symptoms.”

Results showed that inhalation of CBD alongside THC did not protect participants from the short-term effects of THC.

In addition, researchers found that THC increased the pleasure experienced by participants while listening to a favorite song and tasting a piece of chocolate. Different levels of CBD did not reduce this.

The only difference that researchers observed was that participants coughed more as the CBD level increased.

Englund said the main limitation of their study is they didn’t have a placebo condition, in which people inhale vapor without THC or CBD. This would have allowed the researchers to compare the effects of inhaling vapor only to THC by itself. This limitation, of course, may bias the results.

“Like much psychedelic research, placebo comparisons become difficult because the vast majority [of people] will be certain relatively if they’ve had the drug or not since the intoxication is quite pronounced,” he said.

In future studies, Englund and his colleagues would like to try to determine the THC dose at which people start to experience effects such as anxiety, paranoia, and memory problems.

“This will give users practical information about how to avoid unwanted effects,” he said.

Daniele Piomelli, PhD, director of the UCI Center for the Study of Cannabis in Irvine, CA, told Healthline the study was well done — but he disagrees with the researchers’ classification of certain effects of THC as “psychotic symptoms.”

“There is no evidence that if you and I were to smoke pot that we would be psychotic,” he said. “We would be high. We would be stoned. But we wouldn’t be psychotic.”

However, Piomelli pointed out there’s some evidence to suggest that cannabis use among adolescents, particularly in high doses, is associated with a greater incidence of psychotic episodes later on in life. But this differs from the short-term effects experienced by most cannabis users.

Instead of using a term such as “psychosis,” Piomelli said he prefers to describe the effects of cannabis in more neutral terms — although he admits that not all cannabis researchers agree with him.

“Cannabis has certain effects — some people may like them, some people may not,” Piomelli said.

“As long as you’re not harming other people or making your own life problematic, I don’t think we should say that you’re experiencing psychosis.”

With this in mind, PIomelli noted the study’s key finding that adding CBD on top of THC will not change the high associated with THC.

“This is useful to know when dealing with a complex mixture of different compounds,”

Autumn Shelton, partner and chief financial officer of Autumn Brands, a cannabis business located in Carpinteria, CA, explained that because cannabis is made up of over a hundred cannabinoids and other compounds, it’s difficult to make broad claims about its effects — especially based on a study with a small number of participants.

“Cannabis is a complex plant,” she told Healthline. “Every person reacts differently to different levels of cannabis, as well as to how it’s consumed.”

For example, Shelton said the effects will differ for inhaled cannabis versus edibles and whether the product contains the whole plant or is distilled.

In her experience, though, she has found that consuming CBD alongside or after THC reduces the psychoactive effects.

“It all depends on the person,” she said. “These effects could be minimal to substantial. Different strains, types of cannabis, terpenes, esters, etc., so come into play.”

Englund said that people may have fewer negative effects with higher-CBD cannabis plant varieties because they tend to have lower THC levels.

“Because cannabis produces both THC and CBD from the same precursor in the plant, a cannabis variety with a greater amount of CBD will be naturally lower in THC,” he said.

“This makes it more difficult to over-consume and experience unwanted effects [of THC]compared to [using] THC dominant varieties.”

Shelton added that because of the wide range of effects that people can experience, consumers who are new to cannabis should start with a low dose and try different strains to find out what works best for them.

“If you decide to inhale [cannabis] flower, start with just a couple hits off a joint,” she said. “Or if you want to try an edible, start with 2.5 mg of THC or a 1:1 CBD-to-THC ratio.”

New research shows that adding CBD to THC will not alter the effects of a THC “high,” despite other studies that have suggested otherwise.

Be that as it may, the effects of using CBD and THC together may vary from person to person.

Those who use cannabis but wish to minimize the side effects — negative or pleasurable — might try reducing their intake or swapping THC for CBD altogether.

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Home Office hampering potential of Scotland’s hemp farmers

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SCOTLAND’S hemp industry is being hampered by excessive regulation, according to industry experts.

Researchers at the University of Aberdeen have highlighted how the crop could birth an economically successful and climate-friendly industry in Scotland.

However, it is currently being hamstrung by strict Home Office legislation and a lack of infrastructure.

The plant is part of the cannabaceae family, which includes species which are cultivated for their use as a psychoactive drug.

Cannabis is classified as a Class B drug in the UK but farmers are able to grow low-THC – the psychoactive substance present within the plant – varieties if they are successful in applying for Home Office permission.

READ MORE: Could hemp help Scotland’s agricultural sector reach Net Zero?

But as Dr Wisdom Dogbe from the University of Aberdeen told The National, farmers are currently subject to a protracted and costly process when attempting to gain a licence.

“It is very difficult to get approval from the Home Office,” he said. “Farmers told us that applying for a license takes so long that by the time it has been approved the growing season is over.

“Then, even when farmers are granted a licence, they need to pay for the government to supervise their farm every three years.

“It’s really difficult for them because choosing to farm a new crop is a risk on its own. When you add policy challenges on top of that, it deters farmers from going into production.”

Dogbe (below) added that the best thing the UK Government could do to foster this burgeoning industry is to “ensure that regulations are not too strict or expensive for farmers and make it easier for them to get a licence.”

The National:

Kyle Esplin is the co-founder of Holistic Highland Hemp, a company which cultivates hemp and sells it in the form of CBD oil – a non-psychoactive chemical substance found in the plant which has numerous medicinal benefits. He echoed Dogbe’s calls for a relaxation in regulations.

He said: “Farmers pay £550 for a three-year licence. But some have found that when they go to renew it, it gets denied.

“Whoever granted the license may have looked at the map and thought ‘great’ but then the person decides whether it gets renewed it has said, for example, that it’s too close to a B-road in terms of visibility.

“So, that’s the approval denied entirely at their discretion, even though the farmer has got a field and can grow it there.

“Then the government will say that in order to grow it the farmer will have to plant 10 meters of wheat all the way around the hemp to try and disguise it. But the pesticides used on wheat can’t be used on hemp so it all becomes unfeasible.

“The whole industry has just been disadvantaged and sidelined.”

READ MORE: Cannabis and Scotland: The surprising crop once a key component of nation’s agriculture

Esplin said this is surprising given the ecological benefits the crop has in terms of carbon-capture and biodiversity. Indeed, according to Dogbe’s research, most farmers gravitate towards the crop because it can improve the health of soil in a fallow year.

He said: “Hemp improves the biodiversity, leaves behind a lot of nutrients and also extracts toxins from the soil. So, from the farmers we spoke to, it seemed that the main reason they wanted to grow hemp was because of the environmental benefits.”

The UK is a net importer of hemp seed and hemp fiber despite ample opportunity for domestic production.

Still, some businesses have forged on in utilizing the crop despite the regulatory challenges.

IndiNature, a company based in the Scottish Borders, has just opened the UK’s first dedicated natural fiber insulation mill which uses industrial hemp in the end product.

IndiTherm is a carbon negative insulation material containing hemp sourced from farms in the UK.

Speaking at the opening of the mill, Scottish Government minister Patrick Harvie welcomed the technology as a sustainable solution to the country’s energy problems.

He said: “Developing climate-friendly solutions to heat and insulate our homes should be seen not only as a challenge which must be met to deliver on our climate obligations, but as a substantial opportunity for the sector and the wider economy.

“I was pleased to visit IndiNature to find out more about their innovative, sustainable insulation products and wish the team every success as it continues to develop, grow and support the acceleration of our green heat industry.”

But Dogbe said that change must occur if the industry is to thrive in Scotland: “Importing these products instead of producing them does not make sense. There is huge potential, the land is available, the soil is good and the weather is right for producing the crop here.

Esplin echoed the call for change and said the regulatory environment of the UK was putting farmers off, particularly when compared to the more lenient approaches to the crop in Europe.

“The biggest hesitation from farmers is not having the developed domestic market for their produce despite overall popularity of the plant,” he said.

“It’s also because they’ve been disadvantaged with the licensing system compared to their European counterparts.

“In Europe, the farmer is able to sell the flower for CBD extraction and the leaves, which get harvested for hemp tea.

“But in the UK, they’re only allowed to use the seed and the stalk; they’re not allowed to use the leaf and the flower. That’s a large part of their potential income being lost.”

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Top 8 New Trends In Herbal Therapy

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Herbal therapy has been around for centuries, and there is a reason why it has stood the test of time. Herbs can be used to treat a variety of illnesses and conditions, and they are becoming more and more popular as people search for natural remedies. In this article, we will discuss some of the latest trends in herbal therapy. Stay tuned for information on the benefits of different herbs and how you can use them to improve your health!

1) CBD For Overall Well-Being

Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a natural compound found in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, CBD does not produce any psychoactive effects. This means that it does not get you high and is therefore legal in most states. CBD has been shown to have a variety of health benefits, and its popularity is increasing rapidly as people learn more about it.

Some of the well-known benefits include reducing pain and inflammation, reducing anxiety and depression, improving sleep quality, and reducing seizures. And you can find it in many different forms, from cbd hemp oil to CBD gummies and topical creams. You can usually find CBD products in your local health store or dispensaries.

2) Adaptogens For Stress And Anxiety Relief

Adaptogens are herbs that help the body adapt to physical, mental, and emotional stress. They can be used to reduce anxiety, improve sleep quality, increase energy levels, and boost the immune system. Popular adaptogenic herbs include ashwagandha, holy basil, rhodiola rosea, and ginseng.

Adaptogens have been used for centuries to treat a variety of medical conditions and are becoming increasingly popular as people look for natural remedies to help them manage stress-related issues. There are a few different ways to take adaptogenic herbs, including in capsule form, as a tincture, or even brewed into tea. However, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional before taking any herbal supplements.

3) Herbal Teas For Cleansing And Detoxification

Top 8 New Trends In Herbal Therapy

Herbal teas have long been popular for their health benefits, and this trend continues. Herbal teas are brewed from various herbs and spices, such as chamomile, peppermint, ginger, fennel, and licorice root. These teas can help detoxify the body by flushing out toxins and promoting healthy digestion.

They also have a variety of other health benefits such as reducing inflammation, boosting immunity, improving mood, and relieving stress and anxiety. Herbal teas are easy to make at home and can be a great way to add some natural flavor to your diet.

4) Herbal Teas For Digestive Health

Herbal teas can be a great way to improve digestion and reduce digestive issues such as bloating, gas, and constipation. Herbs like ginger, fennel, peppermint, licorice root, and marshmallow root are all known for their digestive benefits. These herbs can be brewed into tea or taken in capsule form to help promote healthy digestion. Additionally, these herbs are also known to be anti-inflammatory, and antispasmodic, and can aid in reducing stomach acid.

5) Essential Oils For Aromatherapy

Aromatherapy is a form of alternative medicine that uses essential oils to treat health conditions. It is thought to work by stimulating your senses. Aromatherapy can be used to improve your mood, relieve stress, and promote relaxation. It can also be used to treat a variety of health conditions, including respiratory problems, skin problems, anxiety, and depression.

Essential oils are highly concentrated extracts of plants that can be used in aromatherapy to alleviate symptoms and support overall well-being. There are a variety of essential oils to choose from, depending on the health condition that you are trying to treat. However, some of the most popular essential oils are lavender, chamomile, eucalyptus, and peppermint.

Essential oils can be used in a variety of ways, including applying topically or adding to a diffuser for inhalation. However, it is important to consult with an aromatherapist before using these oils.

6) Herbal Supplements for Immune Support

Herbal supplements are becoming increasingly popular as people look for natural remedies to support their health. Herbs like echinacea, elderberry, and astragalus have been used traditionally to boost immunity and fight off infection. These herbs can be taken in capsule form or brewed into tea to help reduce inflammation and support overall immunity.

Additionally, there are a variety of other herbal supplements available that can help with digestion, stress relief, and skin health. However, it is important to consult with your healthcare provider before taking any herbal supplement as they may interact with medications or cause additional side effects.

7) Herbal Facials And Massages

Herbal facials and massages are popular treatments for skin care. Facials use a variety of herbs to cleanse, tone, and moisturize the skin. Massages use oil infused with herbs to promote relaxation and relieve tension. Some of the most common herbs used in facials and massages are lavender, chamomile, rose, and neroli. These herbs can help to nourish and soothe the skin while promoting relaxation. Additionally, facial and massage treatments can help reduce stress and improve overall mood.

Top 8 New Trends In Herbal Therapy

8) Herbal Skincare

Herbal skincare is one of the oldest and most popular forms of skin care. It involves the use of plants and herbs to improve skin health. There are many different types of herbal skincare, each with its own unique benefits. Some of the most popular trends in herbal skincare include using plant-based oils like avocado, jojoba, and marula oil to nourish the skin.

Additionally, herbal toners and masks can help reduce inflammation, improve texture and tone, and fight acne. Herbal skincare products are increasingly popular as people look for more natural alternatives to traditional skincare treatments.

Herbal therapies are becoming more and more popular as people look for natural alternatives to traditional treatments. There are a variety of different herbal therapies available, each with its own unique benefits. Some of the most popular therapies include using herbs to support digestion, boost immunity, and improve skin health. Additionally, aromatherapy using essential oils is a popular way to use herbs for health purposes.

Herbal therapies can be used in a variety of ways, depending on the condition that you are trying to treat. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting any herbal therapy as they may interact with medications or cause additional side effects.

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Can Cannabis Really Improve Your Wellness?

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When it comes to cannabis, there are many different opinions on the matter. Some people believe that cannabis is a harmful drug that should be illegal, while others see it as a miracle plant with countless medicinal benefits. Nowadays, cannabis is widely accepted across the US and people are starting to experience the benefits of these magical plants.

Since the passing of the Farm Bill of 2018, cannabis-derived products like THC gummies have become more accessible and are being used to help people with a variety of different ailments. But can cannabis improve your overall wellness?

The answer is yes! Research suggests that cannabis has the potential to help people find relief from pain, stress, headaches, inflammation, sleep issues, and more. Cannabis-derived products are also being used to enhance physical and mental well-being. Cannabinoids, like CBD and THC, found in cannabis can help with relaxation, focus, energy levels, creativity, and mood.

In this article, we will explore the topic of cannabis and wellness. Is cannabis capable of improving our overall health and well-being? We’ll take a closer look at some of the research on this topic and find out.

What is cannabis and how does it work?

Cannabis works by interacting with two receptors in the human body: the CB1 and CB2 receptors. When cannabis is consumed, cannabinoids attach to these receptors and stimulate various physiological processes. Depending on what type of cannabis is being consumed, different effects will be felt.

For example, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) can produce a “high” feeling, while CBD (cannabidiol) has more of a calming effect. Both THC and CBD can be used to treat various conditions such as inflammation, pain, anxiety, depression, and more.

Other compounds of the cannabis plant like CBG (cannabigerol) and CBN (cannabinol) are also starting to show promise in treating certain ailments.

What are the benefits of cannabis?

The potential benefits and therapeutic effects of cannabis use vary from person to person. Some people may experience relief from chronic pain, while others may find cannabis helps them with their anxiety or depression. Research suggests that cannabis can help improve overall wellness in a variety of ways.

Cannabis has been shown to reduce inflammation, which can have positive effects on various conditions such as arthritis, Lyme disease, and fibromyalgia. It also has analgesic properties, meaning it can reduce pain from different diseases and improve physical function.

Cannabis has also been linked to improved mental health. Studies have shown that cannabis can help people better manage stress, anxiety, and depression. It can also promote creativity, focus, and productivity in some users. Overall, cannabis may be a useful tool for enhancing physical and mental well-being.

How to use cannabis for wellness

Wellness has been a growing trend in recent years, and cannabis is becoming increasingly popular to promote wellness. If you’re interested in trying cannabis for wellness purposes, it’s important to do your research so you can make informed decisions.

There are different products available in the market that you can use. For example, cannabis-infused oils and tinctures are easy to take and can be consumed orally or added to food. Vaporizers are another popular option as they allow you to inhale cannabis without smoking it. Topicals, such as cannabis balms and salves, are also great for targeting specific areas of the body.

It’s important to find the right cannabis product that works best for you. Different types of cannabis products will have different effects, so it’s important to find what works for your body and lifestyle. You may want to start with a low dose and build up as you become more comfortable.

Overall, cannabis can be an effective tool for improving wellness. If you’re thinking about using cannabis products for health and wellness, make sure to do your research and consult with

The potential risks associated with cannabis use

There are potential risks associated with cannabis use, just like with any other substance. It’s important to understand the effects cannabis can have on your body and mind before taking it. Some experience mild side effects such as dry mouth and fatigue, while others may experience more severe reactions like paranoia or anxiety.

These risks are minimal compared to the long-term side effects of prescription drugs or alcohol. However, it’s still important to understand the potential risks. Cannabis can be a powerful tool for improving wellness when used responsibly. With more research and better access to cannabis products, we may soon see cannabis as an important part of a healthy lifestyle.

Ultimately, cannabis can be an effective tool for improving wellness when used responsibly and with an understanding of the potential risks involved. If you’re interested in using cannabis to improve your physical and mental well-being, make sure to do your research and consult with a healthcare professional.

About the author: Alex Gould is a cannabis advocate writing about health and wellness. He shares his experiences on different ways cannabis can improve our lifestyle.

[email protected]

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